In the current context, political ecology is a kind of political discourse that analyzes the internal state of political system using the theory and method of ecology. The political environment, the level of corruption and the effect of governing the Party can serve as indicators of the state of political ecology. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in late 2012, the Communist Party of China has taken measures to reorganize the political ecology, firstly by deepening the reform of anti-corruption institution and maintaining a tough stance on corruption; secondly by enforcing strict Party discipline and regulating inner-party political life; thirdly by strengthening the style construction and improving ideological and political education. So far, the Party conduct, administrative conduct, and social customs have taken a favorable turn. In summary, extracting core concepts, strengthening political determination, focusing on the "vital few" and putting discipline ahead of the law are critical to achieving the renovation of political ecology.
Strengthening the inner-Party supervision is the guarantee of comprehensively strengthening Party discipline. Since the Eighteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, based on the theory and practice of inner-Party supervision in the process of revolution, construction and reform, the Communist Party of China (CPC) has further strengthened the inner-Party supervision and optimized the supervision network, system and structure. Starting from its top design, the CPC strengthens the inner-party supervision by taking full advantage of traditional supervision and strengthening inspection-tour and stationed supervision; by focusing on accountability of supervision and discipline execution so as to explore new forms of effective supervision; as well as by amplifying the institution to complete laws and regulations of the inner-Party supervision. The CPC also optimizes the supervision system so as to realize the overall coverage of the inner-Party supervision by building a tight supervision network, balancing and collaborating all kinds of supervision powers, laying emphasis on the combination of the supervision both inside and outside the Party, intensifying top-down supervision, emphasizing counterparts supervision, promoting down-top supervision and transforming a full-time supervision over a point to a cooperated supervision over a scope. After four years' practice, the inner-Party supervision network has been basically constructed into an associated dynamic crisscross structure of overall coverage at all time and all levels. However, prominent problems still exist in the inner-party supervision, such as interruption of relay between each other, poor overall performance. Therefore, it is suggested that emphasis be put on playing superimposed effects of various supervision methods to realize the maximum supervision effect.
Anti-corruption series presented on different platforms are popular with audiences, especially The Name of People, which has caused fierce discussion about anti-corruption. Study on the influences of the anti-corruption series poses paramount academic value and practical significance especially people's attendance in anti-corruption and their willingness of reporting corruption. Based on the conclusions drawn from the investigation and questionnaire analysis, the paper proposes some suggestions about enhancing the people's willingness of reporting corruption:excellent anti-corruption series should be released in proper time, enhancing the dissemination of corruption damage; anti-corruption series should try to avoid disclosing too much corruption details; anti-corruption series should show perfect corruption reporting system; anti-corruption should highlight the success of handling corruption.
Against the background of the new era, this paper studies the internal relationship between the anti-corruption and a clean government as well as their governance, by comprehensive use of the theoretical research and the questionnaire. This paper summarizes the new characteristics of China in terms of achievements in socialist construction, problems that exist, public consciousness of rights and expectations of a clean government, as well as the stage of socialist development in the new era. Furthermore, this paper analyzes the internal relationship between the anti-corruption and the clean government in the new era, and puts forward four important measures including strengthening institutional anti-corruption, fighting against corruption, strengthening anti-corruption education and adopting comprehensive anti-corruption measures so as to combat corruption as well as build a clean government.
In the context of "the Belt and Road", the reform and opening-up in China is being deepened constantly. The market access to air transport enterprises will be determined by the market instead of the previous strict regulations of the government. Practice in many countries abroad provides proof and reference. At the same time, some problems such as lacking of professional law regulations, complicated access procedures, confusion access supervision task and obvious monopoly characteristics also restrict the market access of air transportation enterprises. Some measures have to be taken such as improving the air transport market access legal system, enforcing negative lists and formal reviews, perfecting regulatory model, promoting ownership reform, maintaining positive competitive order to improve the air transport enterprise market access system in China, making it an important factor in the implementation of "the Belt and Road" strategy.
The relevant provisions of the current aircraft ownership are not perfect, so it is necessary to draw on relevant provisions of the Property Law for refinement and supplement. The article clarifies the nature of the aircraft ownership under construction which is generally movable property. The articles holds the view that delivery and registration can only produce opposing effect. The article suggests the range of the third person be limited and innocent acquisition system be applied. Other related issues include changing the form of aircraft ownership and expanding the acceptance scope of property rights registration of Chinese civil aircraft. The aim of the article is to clarify the relationship between the Property Law and aircraft ownership, and compare the similarities and differences to find out drawback of the aircraft ownership, thus making laws on aircraft ownership more perfect. In order to promote the development of China's aviation industry and the legal system, this article makes suggestions on aircraft ownership in law.
In financial futures markets, the deviation between the price of index futures and underlying spot index will give the investors the opportunities of index spot futures arbitrage. This paper, viewing the index futures and basis as the contingent claims of index spot, compares the four basic types of index options trading, uses the prices of the at the money options to give the size of violation of the no arbitrage boundary, and proposes the method of risk management using the index options. We present the empirical evidence based on the China Securities Index (CSI) 300 index. The results show that from June, 2015, the basis is extremely large due to lack of arbitrage mechanism. Therefore, the importance is emphasized of launching the index options to complete the products of financial markets.
Based on provincial panel data from 2004 to 2013, this paper uses DID model (Difference-in-Difference Estimation) to study the impact of grassland ecological protection subsidy-award policies on breeding scale. The results show that the implement of the policies since 2011 has significant impact on breeding scale. With the policies going on, the degree of breeding scale is increasing year by year, which represents the positive effects of policies gradually. Meanwhile, the influence shows obvious regional differences. There exists an obvious regional distinction in breeding scale, and the rate of western areas is higher than eastern areas. Furthermore, factors such as average education level, crop planting area per-capita, pasture area per-capita, and pedigree station number have significant positive influence on breeding scale, whereas factors such as proportion of agriculture employment in total population and drought inundated area have prominent negative influence on breeding scale. Although, other variables such as relevant policies and fund aiding to reproduction expansion are not significant according to the regression outcome, paying attention to these helps fully understand the influencing factors of breeding scale in China.
In this paper, we use multiple linear regression, ridge regression Lasso regression, artificial neural network and random forest to study the power of Chinese scientific and technological innovation. The study finds that fixed material factors, human factors, material flow factors and institutional factors have played very important roles in the process of technological innovation in China. China should strengthen material accumulation and human capital reserves, increase investments in technology, and promote reform, in order to enhance China's technological innovation and promote stable and rapid economic growth of China.
Based on William N. Dunne's public policy evaluation standard, this paper proposes the framework of the financial aid policy evaluation standards system for college students with financial difficulties, conducts a questionnaire survey on undergraduates in 10 different types of colleges and universities in Beijing, and improves as well as validates the hypothesis model of financial aid policy evaluation factors relationship. The results show that it is far from enough to promote the policy effects only by enlarging coverage and increasing funding. Not only the direct policy output of the financial aid policy benefits relate positively to the responsiveness of students with financial difficulties to the policy, but the impact of direct policy (on the physical and mental development of students with financial difficulties) is also the key to determining the responsiveness of the financial aid policy. The adequacy and fairness of the policy can also improve satisfaction by adjusting the impact of the policy benefits on responsiveness.
With the formulation of the Thirteenth Five-year Plan in Education,"modern" and "power" has become hot topics in the recent domestic discussion of higher education. As an important component of the national modernization, the modernization of higher education is the premise and basis of national modernization. Becoming a higher education power is a more ambitious goal for higher education in the construction of national modernization. Though the form and some specific characteristics of the two closely related concepts are overlapping, the essence of the two concepts is very different. Generally appearing before "power", "Modern" is the forerunner and foundation for "power". With reference to the developed countries in the world, it has some relatively mature development indicators. The "power" is a relative concept which includes many complicated factors, and it needs further study and improvement in the construction, evaluation and so on. Modernization paradigm can be used for enlightenment, but confusing the two concepts should be carefully avoided.
Universities are the main contributors to knowledge innovation. Each university has its own characteristics of innovation activity. To improve the innovation ability of Chinese universities, it is necessary to have a better understanding of the present situation so that more effective policies can be made. With the application of factor analysis, the article chose 601 Chinese universities as the object of study to evaluate the innovation ability of Chinese universities. These universities are divided into 4 categories, including Entrepreneurial I, Entrepreneurial II, research, and teaching with research. And their innovation abilities are also divided into four different levels. These results indicate there are significantly unbalanced development among Chinese universities. Some universities exhibit strong ability of innovation, but most universities still need further improvement.