北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (4): 594-600.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2014.0288

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高超声速气动热数值计算壁面网格准则

张智超, 高振勋, 蒋崇文, 李椿萱   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2014-05-19 修回日期:2014-08-25 出版日期:2015-04-20 发布日期:2015-05-08
  • 通讯作者: 高振勋(1982—),男,河北廊坊人,讲师,gaozhenxun@buaa.edu.cn,主要研究方向为高超声速空气动力学、计算流体力学. E-mail:gaozhenxun@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张智超(1988—),男,河北唐山人,博士生,zhichaozhang@ase.buaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国防基础科研计划基金资助项目(JCKY2013601B); 中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(YWF-14-HKXY-002)

Grid generation criterions in hypersonic aeroheating computations

ZHANG Zhichao, GAO Zhenxun, JIANG Chongwen, LEE Chunhian   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2014-05-19 Revised:2014-08-25 Online:2015-04-20 Published:2015-05-08

摘要:

首先对高超声速气动热数值模拟中的3种壁面法向网格准则(平均自由程(MFP)、自由来流参数网格雷诺数和壁面参数网格雷诺数准则)进行了分析.随后,提出了壁面参数预估方法,使得壁面参数网格雷诺数和MFP两种准则无需进行试算即可直接预估壁面法向网格尺度.其次,运用提出的壁面参数预估方法结合不同网格准则,在同一实验条件下确定多个壁面法向网格尺度,通过与实验数据对比研究各网格准则确定的壁面法向网格尺度是否满足热环境模拟精度要求,并对提出的壁面参数预估方法进行验证.最后,开展了高超声速二维完全气体及真实气体效应算例、三维钝双锥算例的数值模拟.研究表明,壁面参数预估方法是可靠的;自由来流参数网格雷诺数准则随来流静温变化所确定的网格尺度变化趋势与物理推理相悖;基于壁面参数网格雷诺数和MFP两种准则主要受壁面温度影响,其在同一条件下所确定的网格尺度基本一致,并满足热环境模拟的精度要求.

关键词: 网格准则, 气动热, 高超声速, 数值计算, 网格雷诺数

Abstract:

Three wall normal grid generation criterions in hypersonic aeroheating computations are analyzed, including mean free path (MFP), and cell Reynolds number based on freestream parameters and wall parameters respectively. A wall parameter prediction method is proposed to avoid trial computations when MFP and cell Reynolds number based on wall parameters criterions are used. The proposed method is utilized and combined with different grid generation criterions to generate several grids. A comparison with the experimental data is conducted to test if the wall normal mesh size determined by the grid criterions can satisfy the precision requirement of thermal environment simulation, and also to verify the wall parameter prediction method proposed. Numerical simulations of two-dimensional cylinder with perfect and real gas effects, and three-dimensional blunt bicone are carried out. It can be concluded that the wall parameter prediction method is reliable, the criterion of the cell Reynolds number based on freestream parameters would amplify the wall grid scale with the increase of the freestream temperature, both MFP and cell Reynolds number based on wall parameters are influenced by wall temperature rather than by freestream temperature, and the grid scale determined by these two criterions are consistent and can satisfy the precision requirements of hypersonic aeroheating computations.

Key words: grid criterion, aeroheating, hypersonic, computation, cell Reynolds number

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