北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2709-2714.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2015.0828

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

相控阵天线快速校准方法

王焕菊1,2, 孙厚军1   

  1. 1. 北京理工大学 信息与电子学院, 北京 100081;
    2. 中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所, 石家庄 050081
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-17 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-02-18
  • 通讯作者: 孙厚军,Tel.:010-68914199,E-mail:sunhoujun@bit.edu.cn E-mail:sunhoujun@bit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王焕菊,女,博士研究生。主要研究方向:相控阵天线波控技术、校准算法以及天线与TR一体化设计等。Tel.:0311-86928677,E-mail:veckiwang@aliyun.com;孙厚军,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:微波/毫米波电路与系统。Tel.:010-68914199,E-mail:sunhoujun@bit.edu.cn

Fast calibration method for phased array antenna

WANG Huanju1,2, SUN Houjun1   

  1. 1. School of Information and Electronics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. The 54th Research Institute of China Electronics Technology Group Corporation, Shijiazhuang 050081, China
  • Received:2015-12-17 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-02-18

摘要: 相控阵天线的快速测量和校准一直是相控阵天线研究的热门问题。传统校准方法的测量速度较慢,不能满足大量工程需求的测量校准要求。针对实际工程应用需求,在对幅相求解算法研究的基础上,提出了一种基于幅度测量的快速校准方法——四相幅度校准法(FPC)。经理论分析,该方法的校准时间仅相当于采用6位数字移相器的旋转矢量法所花费校准时间的1/16。对四相幅度校准法、采用4位数字移相器的旋转矢量法和采用6位数字移相器的旋转矢量法的校准速度和校准精度做了对比试验,试验结果验证了四相幅度校准法的正确性和高效性。

关键词: 校准, 校准算法, 测量, 天线测量, 相控阵天线

Abstract: The study of rapid measurement and calibration for phased array antenna has always been one of hot issues. The low efficiency of traditional calibration method cannot satisfy the requirement of large-scale engineering application of phased array antenna. A fast calibration method called four-phase-cycle amplitude-only measurement (FPC), which can determine the phase of each element in phased arrays by power measurements according to a certain phase distribution, is presented on the basis of theoretical analysis for phase solving algorithm. And theoretical analysis prove that the method takes only about one sixteenth of the time that the conventional rotating element electric field vector method using 6-bit digital phase shifter spends. Finally, a contrast test of three calibration methods, which are FPC, rotating element electric field vector method using 4 bit digital phase shifter and rotating element electric field vector method using 6 bit digital phase shifter, is carried out. And the experimental results verify the correctness and effectiveness of the FPC calibration algorithm.

Key words: calibration, calibration algorithm, measurement, antenna measurement, phased array antenna

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