北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2676-2682.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2015.0849

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

1+3/2级对转涡轮气动性能试验研究

吴中野1, 方祥军1, 刘思永1, 赵大勇2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 中航工业沈阳发动机设计研究所, 沈阳 110015
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-28 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-05-04
  • 通讯作者: 方祥军,Tel.:010-82317421,E-mail:turbinebuaa@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:turbinebuaa@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:吴中野,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:涡轮设计与试验研究。E-mail:wuzhongye@126.com;方祥军,男,博士,研究生导师。主要研究方向:叶轮机设计与气动研究。Tel.:010-82317421,E-mail:turbinebuaa@buaa.edu.cn

Experimental research of 1+3/2 contra-rotating turbine aerodynamic performance

WU Zhongye1, FANG Xiangjun1, LIU Siyong1, ZHAO Dayong2   

  1. 1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. AVIC Shenyang Engine Design Institute, Shenyang 110015, China
  • Received:2015-12-28 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-05-04

摘要: 无导叶对转涡轮是高性能发动机的关键技术之一。本文采用试验方法对1+ 3/2级对转涡轮进行了气动性能研究。本试验分为3个阶段,第1阶段为单独高压涡轮(HPT)试验,第2阶段为加大HPT和低压涡轮(LPT)间轴向间距联合试验,第3阶段为HPT和LPT间正常轴向间距联合试验。在正常轴向间距HPT和LPT试验中,LPT状态的确定通过利用单独HPT试验获得的效率与压比特性反推获得。试验表明,HPT喉道面积减小,而LPT喉道面积增大,这导致在总膨胀比一定情况下,HPT膨胀比增大,LPT膨胀比下降,同时LPT的存在对HPT特性影响不大。在总膨胀比分配中,HPT膨胀比变化很小,而LPT膨胀比变化范围较宽。涡轮级总效率由HPT决定,LPT轮一般相对较低,加大HPT和LPT间轴向间距对LPT性能影响很小。

关键词: 对转涡轮, 试验方法, 特性反推, 膨胀比分配, 效率特性

Abstract: Vaneless contra-rotating turbine is one of the key technologies of the high performance engine. Experimental research was conducted to investigate aerodynamic performance of 1+3/2 contra-rotating turbine. The experiment was tested over three phases:first the alone high pressure turbine(HPT) experiment, second the HPT and low pressure turbine(LPT) with axial gap enlarging between them, and finally HPT and LPT with normal axial gap. In the normal gap experiment, the condition of LPT was confirmed by HPT performance curve by converse calculation. Research shows that LPT has little effect on HPT performance; HPT throat decreases while LPT throat increases, which leads to HPT expansion ratio increasing at the constant total expansion ratio. HPT expansion ratio changes very little during the total expansion ratio varying; however LPT expansion ratio changes greatly. The turbine efficiency is mainly determined by HPT, and the LPT is generally relative low. Enlarging axial gap between HPT and LPT has little influence on LPT performance.

Key words: contra-rotating turbine, experimental method, converse performance calculation, expansion ratio distribution, efficiency performance

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