北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 1721-1731.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0689

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

带旋转孔容腔瞬态演化与建模方法研究

丁水汀, 蒲俊宇, 邱天, 于航   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-08-29 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 邱天,E-mail:qiutian@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:qiutian@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:丁水汀,男,博士,教授,博士生导师;主要研究方向:燃气轮机热端旋转部件流动与换热机理、航空发动机适航性设计与验证技术;蒲俊宇,男,硕士研究生;主要研究方向:航空发动机瞬态空气系统网络;邱天,男,博士;主要研究方向:航空发动机总体和空气系统瞬态分析、航空发动机安全性设计和验证技术;于航,男,博士研究生;主要研究方向:航空发动机瞬态空气系统网络
  • 基金资助:
    航空发动机复杂系统安全性教育部长江学者创新团队(IRT0905);中国博士后科学基金(2016M591047)

Research on transient evolvement and modeling method of cavity with rotating orifices

DING Shuiting, PU Junyu, QIU Tian, YU Hang   

  1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-08-29 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-02-21
  • Supported by:
    Innovation Plan of Aero Engine Complex System Safety by the Ministry of Education Chang Jiang Scholars of China(IRT0905); China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M591047)

摘要: 旋转孔与腔组成的孔腔系统为航空发动机空气系统的重要组成部分,其瞬态响应过程可能诱发短时危险过渡态载荷。为研究旋转孔腔的瞬态演化规律,以旋转孔前的容腔为研究重点,建立了带旋转孔的容腔CFD计算模型,分析了孔腔系统的瞬态演化过程,并基于旋转孔的稳态流动特性建立了带旋转孔容腔的瞬态1-D模型,对瞬态演化过程进行了仿真。通过对比瞬态1-D模型的结果和CFD结果,发现采用前者能基本模拟容腔的瞬态演化过程,基本满足工程需要,并完成了瞬态1-D模型结果产生偏差的原因分析。

关键词: 空气系统, 旋转孔腔, 1-D模型, 瞬态演化, 流量系数

Abstract: Rotating orifices and cavity are important parts of the air system of gas turbine engine, and their transient response might induce dangerous instantaneous transient load. To investigate the transient evolvement of the cavity with rotating orifices, a CFD model of the cavity with rotating orifices was built to research the cavity in front of the rotating orifices. Based on the steady flow characteristic of the rotating orifices, a transient one-dimensional model was built to simulate the transient process. The comparison of the results between the one-dimensional model and the CFD model shows that the former can conduct the transient process simulation satisfactorily and satisfy the elementary engineering needs. Finally, the analysis of the reason for the result errors of one-dimensional model is presented in this paper.

Key words: air system, cavity with rotating orifice, one-dimensional model, transient evolvement, discharge coefficient

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