北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (10): 2054-2062.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0791

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于跟踪微分器的高超声速飞行器减步控制

张伸1, 王青1, 董朝阳2, 侯砚泽3   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 自动化科学与电气工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 10008;
    3. 北京空间技术研制试验中心, 北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-11 修回日期:2017-01-06 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-02-10
  • 通讯作者: 王青 E-mail:wangqing@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张伸,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:高超声速飞行器制导与控制、切换控制;王青,女,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:导航制导与控制、智能控制、鲁棒控制、切换控制。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61374012,61403028)

Reduced step control of hypersonic vehicle based on tracking differentiator

ZHANG Shen1, WANG Qing1, DONG Chaoyang2, HOU Yanze3   

  1. 1. School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 10008;
    3. Beijing Research and Test Center of Space Technology, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2016-10-11 Revised:2017-01-06 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-02-10

摘要: 针对高超声速飞行器强非线性,强耦合与高度不确定性的特点,提出一种基于高阶跟踪微分器的减步控制方案。将高超声速飞行器纵向模型表达为严反馈形式。在反步法设计框架中,引入跟踪微分器,利用其对给定信号任意阶导数精确估计的能力,计算第1步设计中产生的虚拟控制量的导数,并直接获得第2步实际控制量,从而将设计步骤从3步减少为2步。且在每步设计中将参数不确定性与外部扰动建模为等效干扰,设计扩张状态观测器获得等效干扰估计值,继而在控制器设计中进行补偿。利用Lyapunov方法证明闭环系统稳定性。仿真结果验证了所提控制方案对不确定及干扰的抑制作用,且跟踪精度优于传统动态面方法。

关键词: 高超声速飞行器, 跟踪控制, 减步控制, 跟踪微分器, 扩张状态观测器

Abstract: Aimed at the strong nonlinearity, complicated couplings and high uncertainties of hypersonic vehicle, a reduced step control scheme based on high-order tracking differentiator is put forward. The longitudinal model of hypersonic vehicle is transformed as strict-feedback form. A tracking differentiator is imported in the backstepping frame. The derivative of virtual control signal in the first step is obtained using the tracking differentiator with its ability of estimating any derivative for a given signal. Also, the actual control signal in the second step is obtained according to the second-order derivative estimation of the tracking differentiator. Thus, the three design steps are reduced into two steps. Moreover, the parameter uncertainties and external disturbances are modeled as equivalent disturbances in each step. Extended state observers are designed to estimate the equivalent disturbances. Then, the equivalent disturbances are compensated in the controller. The Lyapunov theory is used to prove the stability of the closed-loop system. The numerical simulation results show the inhibiting ability of the proposed control scheme against uncertainties and disturbances. And its tracking precision is superior to that of the traditional dynamic surface control method.

Key words: hypersonic vehicle, tracking control, reduced step control, tracking differentiator, extended state observer

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