北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 108-116.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0018

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

星载GNSS-R辅助海洋盐度探测方法

王峰, 杨东凯   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 电子信息工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-01-13 修回日期:2017-03-31 出版日期:2018-01-20 发布日期:2017-06-27
  • 通讯作者: 杨东凯 E-mail:yangdongkai@sina.com
  • 作者简介:王峰,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:导航卫星信号处理及其遥感应用;杨东凯,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:GNSS遥感应用及室内定位技术。
  • 基金资助:
    北京航空航天大学基本科研业务费-博士研究生创新基金

Sea surface salinity determination method assisted by spaceborne GNSS-R

WANG Feng, YANG Dongkai   

  1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-01-13 Revised:2017-03-31 Online:2018-01-20 Published:2017-06-27

摘要: 全球导航卫星系统反射计(GNSS-R)是近年来兴起的一种被动式遥感手段,可用于提高海洋盐度(SSS)反演精度。首先,在回顾辐射计亮温模型和GNSS-R散射功率模型,并建立星载仿真场景的基础上,研究了GNSS-R辅助辐射计探测海洋盐度的性能,使辐射计工作于GPS L1频点1 575.42 MHz时,通过共用天线和射频前端可以降低星载设备的质量和功耗,但对海洋盐度大于25 psu的条件下,垂直和水平极化的亮温对海洋盐度的灵敏度分别下降约0.1和0.08 K/psu;其次,分析了GPS L1反射信号对辐射计的干扰,发现在仿真场景下当辐射亮温变化1 K时,GPS L1反射信号引入了小于2.5×10-4 K的误差;再者,讨论了不同入射角情况下定义的垂直和水平极化的GNSS-R观测量对亮温校正量的灵敏度,结果表明随入射角增大,水平、垂直极化信号的观测量对亮温校正量的灵敏度分别呈现下降和上升趋势;最后,分析了定义的GNSS-R观测量对亮温校正量的灵敏度与空间分辨率之间的关系,得出了高灵敏度、高空间分辨率反演算法的研究对星载GNSS-R辅助辐射计海洋盐度探测至关重要的结论。

关键词: 全球导航卫星系统反射计(GNSS-R), 海洋盐度(SSS), 辅助探测, 灵敏度, 空间分辨率

Abstract: Global navigation satellite system-reflectometry (GNSS-R) is a new remote sensing way which is passive radar and could be used to improve the retrieval precision of the sea surface salinity (SSS). The model of brightness temperature and the scattering power model of GNSS-R were reviewed, and the spaceborne simulation scenario was developed in this paper. Based on those, the performance of GNSS-R aiding radiometer to determine SSS was first explored. Although it is possible to decrease the mass and power consumption of spaceborne equipment by sharing the antenna and radio frequency font-end between GNSS-R and radiometer working on the frequency of GPS L1 1 575.42 MHz, when SSS is larger than 25 psu, the sensitivity of brightness temperature to SSS reduces by about 0.1 and 0.08K/psu for the vertical and horizontal polarization signal respectively. The distortion of reflected GPS L1 signals on the measurement of the brightness temperature was analyzed. It is found that under the condition of the simulation scenario for 1 K variation of brightness temperature, reflected GPS L1 signals introduce error less than 2.5×10-4 K. Subsequently, the sensitivity of the GNSS-R observable to the brightness temperature variation for the vertical and horizontal polarization signal was explored. The results show that when incidence angle increases, the sensitivity of the horizontal and vertical polarization signal show falling and rising tendency respectively. Finally, the relationship between the sensiti-vity of the observable to the brightness temperature variation and the spatial resolution was analyzed. The conclusion is that the study of retrieval algorithm having high accuracy and spatial resolution is crucial for spaceborne GNSS-R aiding radiometer to determine SSS.

Key words: global navigation satellite system-reflectometry (GNSS-R), sea surface salinity (SSS), assisted determination, sensitivity, spatial resolution

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