北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 508-515.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0199

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

超流体陀螺相位波动噪声自适应抵消系统分析

赵玉龙1, 沈怀荣2, 任元2   

  1. 1. 装备学院研究生管理大队, 北京 101416;
    2. 装备学院航天装备系, 北京 101416
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-05 出版日期:2018-03-20 发布日期:2018-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 任元 E-mail:renyuan_823@aliyun.com
  • 作者简介:赵玉龙,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:先进惯性测量与控制技术;任元,男,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:先进惯性测量与控制技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51475472);国家“863”计划(2015AA8018038C)

Phase fluctuation noise adaptive cancellation system of superfluid gyroscope

ZHAO Yulong1, SHEN Huairong2, REN Yuan2   

  1. 1. Department of Graduate Management, Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416, China;
    2. Department of Space Equipment, Equipment Academy, Beijing 101416, China
  • Received:2017-04-05 Online:2018-03-20 Published:2018-03-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (51475472); National High-tech Research and Development Program of China (2015 AA8018038C)

摘要: 针对超流体陀螺相位波动噪声影响陀螺角速度检测精度的问题,提出了一种基于递推最小二乘(RLS)算法的陀螺自适应噪声抵消系统。首先,建立了超流体陀螺的相位检测模型,得到了陀螺输出薄膜幅值和相位的关系。其次,考虑热运动的影响,建立了相位波动噪声的等效输入角速度模型,探索了陀螺参数对角速度噪声的影响,得到了陀螺角速度噪声幅值范围。在此基础上,考虑该角速度噪声与输入角速度的互不相关性,将超流体陀螺薄膜幅值解算输出的混合角速度信息作为抵消系统的期望输入,将相位波动噪声引起的角速度噪声作为RLS自适应滤波器的参考输入,通过自适应调节参数使得RLS自适应滤波器的输出与混合角速度信息的噪声部分相抵消。通过与最小均方(LMS)算法仿真对比表明,在大角速度、大噪声情况下,该抵消系统能够有效消除陀螺混合角速度信息中的噪声成分,且具有较快的收敛速度和较好的稳定性。

关键词: 超流体陀螺, 相位波动噪声, 自适应滤波, 递推最小二乘(RLS)算法, 噪声抵消

Abstract: Aimed at the deterioration issue of gyroscope angular velocity measurement precision, which is caused by phase fluctuation noise of superfluid gyroscope, a gyroscope noise cancellation system based on recursive least square (RLS) algorithm was proposed. First, the phase detection model of superfluid gyroscope was established, and the relationship between thin film displacement and phase of gyroscope was obtained. Second, considering the influence of thermal motion, the noise equivalent input angular velocity model of gyroscope was established, the influence of gyroscope parameter on angular velocity noise was explored, and the amplitude range of angular velocity noise was obtained. Furthermore, considering the irrelevance between angular velocity noise and input angular velocity, the mixed angular velocity information which is calculated from the thin film amplitude of the gyroscope was taken as original input of the noise cancellation system, and angular velocity noise which is caused by phase noise as the reference input of RLS adaptive filter. The noise portion of the mixed angular velocity is offset by the output of RLS filter through adjusting the parameters. Finally, the comparison results between this method and least mean square (LMS) algorithm show that the noise portion in mixed angular velocity information can be effectively suppressed by this cancellation system with fast convergence speed and good stability in the case of large angular velocity and large noise.

Key words: superfluid gyroscope, phase fluctuation noise, adaptive filtering, recursive least square (RLS) algorithm, noise cancellation

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