北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 420-428.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0203

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速撞击梯度电势靶板产生等离子体诱发的放电

唐恩凌, 刘美, 韩雅菲, 王睿智, 贺丽萍, 刘淑华   

  1. 沈阳理工大学装备工程学院, 沈阳 110159
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-06 出版日期:2018-03-20 发布日期:2018-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 唐恩凌 E-mail:tangenling@126.com
  • 作者简介:唐恩凌,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:超高速加载及测试技术、飞秒脉冲激光加载及测试技术、凝聚态物理、原子分子物理、空间环境及临近空间高超声速磁流体力学等。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(11472178,10972145,11272218);辽宁省“百千万人才工程”培养经费资助项目(2012921044);辽宁省高校优秀人才支持计划(LR2013008);爆炸科学与技术国家重点实验室开放基金(北京理工大学)

Discharge induced by plasma during high-velocity impact on target plate with gradient potential

TANG Enling, LIU Mei, HAN Yafei, WANG Ruizhi, HE Liping, LIU Shuhua   

  1. School of Equipment Engineering, Shenyang Ligong University, Shenyang 110159, China
  • Received:2017-04-06 Online:2018-03-20 Published:2018-03-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (11472178, 10972145, 11272218); Liaoning Province Talents Engineering Projects (2012921044); Program for Liaoning Excellent Talents in University (LR2013008); Open Foundation of the State Key Laboratory of Explosive Science and Technology (Beijing Institute of Technology)

摘要: 针对在轨运行航天器在空间等离子体环境和空间带电粒子活动下诱发航天器表面梯度电势存在的客观现实,航天器在空间碎片的撞击下会诱发表面带电或深层电介质带电的航天器放电。为了在实验室模拟航天器表面存在电势差的真实情况,采用对航天器外表面分割的方法,在分割的表面间预留不同间距且在2靶板间加装电阻的方法创造具有梯度电势的高电势2A12铝板作为靶板。利用自行构建的梯度电势靶板的充放电测试系统、超高速相机采集系统和二级轻气炮加载系统,开展高速撞击梯度电势2A12铝靶的实验室实验。实验中,弹丸以入射角度为60°(弹道与靶板平面的夹角)、撞击速度约为3 km/s的条件撞击间距分别为2、3、4和5 mm的2A12铝高电势靶板,利用电流探针和电压探针采集放电电流和放电电压。实验结果表明:放电产生的等离子体形成了高电势与低电势靶板间的放电通道,且在梯度电势靶板间距分别为2、3 mm时诱发了一次放电,放电电流随高低电势靶板间间距的增加而减小;在梯度电势靶板间距分别为4、5 mm时诱发了二次放电,放电电流随高低电势靶板间间距的增加变化不明显。

关键词: 高速撞击, 梯度电势靶板, 放电电压, 放电电流, 靶板间距

Abstract: Based on the objective reality of gradient potential existence in spacecraft surface caused by charged particles in space plasma environment in the orbiting spacecraft, discharge of spacecraft with surface charging or deep dielectric charging would be induced by debris or meteoroids impacting. In order to simulate the existence of the spacecraft surface potential in the laboratory, method of spacecraft surface segmentation was used, different spacing is reserved between two adjacent surfaces, and resistance is added to create high-potential surface and high-potential gradient as a target in the segmentation of the surface for 2A12 aluminum plate. Potential gradient power supply circuit system, discharge test system and ultra-high speed camera photo acquisition system were built by ourselves, and combining with two-stage light gas gun loading system, we have carried out experiments on high-velocity impact on 2A12 aluminum target with gradient potential. In the experiments, high-potential 2A12 aluminum was used as the target with gaps of 2 mm, 3 mm, 4 mm and 5 mm between high-potential and low-potential 2A12 aluminum, the incidence angle (between projectile flying trajectory and target plane) of 60°, and the impact velocity of about 3 km/s. Voltage probe and current probes were used to acquire discharge voltage and current. The experimental results show that the plasma discharge is generated by forming a discharge channel between high-potential and low-potential target, the gaps with 2 mm and 3 mm evoke primary discharge, and the discharge current increases when the level of spacing decreases; the gaps with 4 mm and 5 mm induce the second discharge, and the discharge current does not change significantly when the spacing between high-potential and low-potential target increases.

Key words: high-velocity impact, gradient potential target plate, discharge voltage, discharge current, spacing of target plate

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