北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (4): 746-758.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0233

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于模块化的缠绕机设计方法

徐小明, 张武翔, 丁希仑   

  1. 北京航空航天大学机械工程及自动化学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-17 出版日期:2018-04-20 发布日期:2017-09-18
  • 通讯作者: 张武翔 E-mail:zhangwuxiang@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:徐小明,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:复合材料缠绕成型技术;张武翔,男,博士,副教授。主要研究方向:机构学与机器人学;丁希仑,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:空间机器人与空间机构学、仿生机器人、智能控制与自动化检测技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51575018)

Modular design method for filament winding machine

XU Xiaoming, ZHANG Wuxiang, DING Xilun   

  1. School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-04-17 Online:2018-04-20 Published:2017-09-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (51575018)

摘要: 缠绕机具有生产效率高、产品质量稳定等特点,是碳纤维复合材料成型的关键工艺装备。针对产品小批量、定制化的生产需求,提出了针对缠绕机结构和控制系统的模块化设计方法(MDM),拓展缠绕机的功能多样性。将缠绕机的结构部件进行功能分解和关联强度分析,采用组遗传算法(GGA)将部件聚类为标准化的模块,根据产品需求,以产品性能最好和成本最低为目标建立模块配置模型,基于快速分类的非支配遗传算法(NSGA-Ⅱ)求解多目标优化模型完成机械结构模块化配置。提出基于现场总线的分布式网络控制器结构,将控制器的接口标准化和网络化,根据机械结构的模块化配置实现控制器的快速重构。基于模型组件对象(COM)技术将软件模块设计为COM组件,采用k近邻(kNN)方法进行控制模式分类,并进行COM组件的重构,控制软件动态解析控制模式并管理COM组件的状态转移关系,从而实现软件的快速重构。对结构、控制器和软件模块化方法的研究能够实现缠绕机的快速重构,拓展缠绕机的功能。

关键词: 缠绕机, 模块化方法, 多目标优化, 分布式控制, 模型组件对象(COM)技术

Abstract: Winding machine is the core equipment for filament winding with the features of high production efficiency and stable product quality. To meet the requirements of customized and small batch production, the modular design method (MDM) is proposed to expand the function of winding machine. The system structure is analyzed, relation matrices between components are established, and the grouping genetic algorithm (GGA) is then employed to conduct modular optimization to cluster components into standard modules. Multi-objective optimization method based on non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm Ⅱ (NSGA-Ⅱ) is proposed to create a complete system by combining instances with consideration of performance and cost simultaneously. The modular design method for the control system is presented based on distributed network controller for a bus system, and the network interface of the controller is standardized as independent function module, and then the rapid configuration of the controller is achieved according to the modular configuration of the mechanical structure. The k-nearest neighbor (kNN) method is used to classify the control mode by detecting the connection state of the module and the dynamic reconfiguration method based on component object model (COM) component to realize the state transition sequence and data exchange of the modules. The research on the modularization of mechanical structure, controller and software can realize the rapid reconfiguration of the winding machine, and expand the function of the winding machine.

Key words: filament winding machine, modular method, multi-objective optimization, distributed control, component object model (COM) technology

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