北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (5): 1008-1017.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0358

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

两种典型低空风切变对火箭弹弹道特性的影响

陈健伟, 王良明, 李子杰   

  1. 南京理工大学 能源与动力工程学院, 南京 210094
  • 收稿日期:2017-05-27 出版日期:2018-05-20 发布日期:2018-05-29
  • 通讯作者: 王良明 E-mail:lmwang802@163.com
  • 作者简介:陈健伟,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:弹箭飞行与控制;王良明,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:飞行器制导与控制技术、新型弹箭的弹道理论与技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61603191)

Influence of two typical kinds of low-level wind shear on ballistic performance of rockets

CHEN Jianwei, WANG Liangming, LI Zijie   

  1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
  • Received:2017-05-27 Online:2018-05-20 Published:2018-05-29

摘要: 针对低空风切变风场特点,基于流体力学基本原理,建立微下击暴流和低空急流2种典型低空风切变的工程化模型,以外弹道理论为基础,将风场模型与火箭弹6自由度刚体弹道模型相结合。以某型尾翼火箭弹为例,研究分析了火箭弹在主动段分别受到2种低空风切变影响下的弹道特性变化。仿真结果表明,微下击暴流和低空急流对火箭弹的飞行时间、射程、侧偏、落速及攻角特性均有影响;相比于微下击暴流,低空急流对弹箭弹道特性的影响更为显著;提高风切变风场的强度和尺度,均会增大对火箭弹弹道特性的影响程度,且风场强度是决定风切变对火箭弹弹道特性影响的主要因素。

关键词: 火箭弹, 低空风切变, 微下击暴流, 低空急流, 弹道特性

Abstract: According to the wind field features of low-level wind shear, the engineering models of microburst and low-level jet are established based on the principle of fluid mechanics. The wind field models are combined with the six-degree-of-freedom ballistics model of rockets based on exterior ballistics theory. As an example, a kind of empennage-rocket was studied on its ballistic performance of prior trajectory influenced by these two kinds of wind shear. The simulation results show that both of these two kinds of wind shear have impact on the flight time, range, side-slip, falling velocity and attack angle of the rocket. Compared to the microburst, the low-level jet has a higher effect on the ballistic performance of rocket. Improving the strength and scale of these two kinds of wind shear makes a greater impact on the ballistic performance of rocket, and meanwhile, the strength of wind field is the determining factor for wind shear to affect the ballistic performance of rocket.

Key words: rockets, low-level wind shear, microburst, low-level jet, ballistic performance

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