北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 264-272.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0384

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

新型台阶缝冷却结构的气动及冷却特性

吴宏, 杨登文   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-06 修回日期:2017-09-22 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2018-03-01
  • 通讯作者: 吴宏,E-mail:wuhong@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:E-mail:wuhong@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:吴宏,男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:航空发动机高温部件冷却技术;杨登文,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:航空发动机高温部件冷却技术。

Aerodynamic and cooling performance of a novel step-shaped slot film cooling geometry

WU Hong, YANG Dengwen   

  1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-06-06 Revised:2017-09-22 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2018-03-01

摘要: 为了抑制气膜冷却过程中耦合涡的产生,提出了一种切向出流台阶缝冷却结构,并对其在涡轮导叶吸力面、压力面上布置时的气动性能及冷却特性进行了数值研究。结果表明:在吸力面叶栅通道喉部附近布置时仅使总压损失增加约2%;在压力面布置则能使总压损失、能量损失在低吹风比工况各降低约2.5%,同时出口气流角的增加不到0.1%,而且损失系数和出口气流角对吹风比的变化也不敏感。吸力面、压力面缝后冷却效率均较高,在高吹风比工况平均都有约8%轴向弦长的叶片表面冷却效率接近1.0。

关键词: 涡轮导叶, 气膜冷却, 耦合涡, 台阶缝槽, 气动损失, 冷却效率, 数值模拟

Abstract: In order to permanently reduce the coupling vortices in film cooling, a novel step-shaped slot cooling geometry with tangential coolant ejection was introduced and its aerodynamic and cooling performance was numerically investigated. The effects of slot location at the suction and pressure side of a turbine vane and cooling air blowing ratio on these performances were also analyzed. The results show that slot injection from the suction side near-throat region only increases the total pressure loss by about 2%, while injection from the pressure side decreases both the kinetic loss and total pressure loss by about 2.5% with the air exit angle increasing less than 0.1% for low blowing ratios. Meanwhile, the loss coefficient and the air exit angle are not sensitive to the variation of blowing ratios. Additionally, cooling effectiveness downstream of the slot on both suction side and pressure side is rather high and it reaches almost 1.0 for about 8% axial chord of the vane surface on average in high blowing ratio cases.

Key words: turbine vane, film cooling, coupling vortices, step-shaped slot, aerodynamic loss, cooling effctiveness, numerical simulation

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