北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (10): 2224-2231.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0791

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

微重力下相变储能单元融化过程数值模拟

阮世庭, 张济民, 曹建光, 王江, 徐涛   

  1. 上海卫星工程研究所, 上海 201109
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-25 修回日期:2018-03-16 出版日期:2018-10-20 发布日期:2018-10-29
  • 通讯作者: 曹建光,E-mail:cao_jianguang@163.com E-mail:cao_jianguang@163.com
  • 作者简介:阮世庭,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:航天器相变热控技术;曹建光,男,博士,研究员,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:航天器热控技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51406122)

Numerical simulation of melting process of phase change energy storage unit under microgravity

RUAN Shiting, ZHANG Jimin, CAO Jianguang, WANG Jiang, XU Tao   

  1. Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, Shanghai 201109, China
  • Received:2017-12-25 Revised:2018-03-16 Online:2018-10-20 Published:2018-10-29

摘要: 为探究微重力环境中,通过肋片强化了传热的相变储能单元中相变材料融化过程,通过数值模拟方法探究了微重力作用时相变材料融化过程中传热特性。通过地面实验与重力作用下数值模拟结果对比验证数值模拟方法的准确性,对比重力和微重力作用2种情况下数值模拟结果以揭示微重力环境中相变材料融化过程的特性。结果表明,当相变储能单元受微重力作用时,相变材料融化速率明显下降,热量主要通过热传导传递,融化的相变材料从顶端膨胀溢出向空间扩散,局部低温区域在相变储能单元中上部。

关键词: 融化过程, 微重力, 数值模拟, 实验验证, 温度分布, 固-液两相分布

Abstract: In order to explore the melting process of phase change materials in the phase change energy storage unit with fins in microgravity environment, the heat transfer and flow characteristics of phase change materials in microgravity environment are investigated by numerical simulation. The accuracy of the numerical simulation was verified by comparing the numerical simulation results and experimental results in gravity environment. The numerical simulation results under both gravity and microgravity effects were compared to reveal the characteristics of the phase change material melt process in microgravity environment. The results show that when the phase change energy storage unit is in microgravity environment, the melting rate of the phase change material obviously decreases, and the heat is mainly transferred by the heat conduction. The expansion of the melted phase change material extends from the top to the space, and the local low temperature zone is in the upper-middle of the phase change energy storage unit.

Key words: melting process, microgravity, numerical simulation, experimental verification, temperature distribution, solid-liquid distribution

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