北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (12): 2496-2502.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0225

• 信息与电子技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

相控阵近场初始相位快速实时校准方法

辛灿伟, 胡岸勇, 刘凯, 苗俊刚   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 电子信息工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-04-23 修回日期:2018-07-13 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 胡岸勇 E-mail:hay800906@126.com
  • 作者简介:辛灿伟,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:毫米波辐射计灵敏度提高技术;胡岸勇,男,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:微波遥感技术、毫米波系统、信号与信息处理;刘凯,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:毫米波辐射计近场校准与成像;苗俊刚,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:微波遥感理论与技术、毫米波亚毫米波技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0800401);国家自然科学基金(61731001)

Real-time rapid initial phase calibration method of phased array in near field

XIN Canwei, HU Anyong, LIU Kai, MIAO Jungang   

  1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-04-23 Revised:2018-07-13 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-28
  • Supported by:
    National Key R&D Program of China (2016YFC0800401); National Natural Science Foundation of China (61731001)

摘要: 相控阵接收机主要依靠相位控制实现天线波束指向的转动。接收机的初始相位是实现波束指向控制的先决条件。在换相法的基础上提出了一种相干换相法,可以快速完成接收机各通道初始相位的初次校准,并应用旋转矢量法(REV)进行初始相位的精确校准。校准时相控阵天线和测试探头均不动,且在特定应用中不需要精确定位测试探头的位置,这样可以很容易集成到相控阵接收机监测系统中,实现快速实时校准。针对本文提出的方法,在Ka波段阵列辐射计上进行了验证,结果表明:相位精度达到5°±1.5°,完成256通道一次初始相位的校准仅需2 min左右。

关键词: 矢量调制器, 相控阵, 初始相位校准, 相干换相, 毫米波成像

Abstract: Phased array receiver can steer antenna beam direction electronically by changing the phase of the units. Initial phase calibration of phased array is the precondition of steering antenna beam direction. In this paper, a coherent phase-shift measurement method is presented based on phase-shift measurement method, which has high accuracy and high speed to obtain the initial calibration phase of the phased array recei-ver, and then rotating electric vector (REV) method is used to further increase calibration accuracy. By using the measuring method presented in this paper, both the phased array receiver antenna and the probe are immovable,whose exact locations need not be determined in certain application. So, it is easy to be integrated into the monitoring system of the phased array receiver,which can realize real-time rapid initial phase calibration. The phase calibration method presented in this paper is verified on the Ka-band array radiometer, and the results show that the phase accuracy is 5°±1.5°, and the time consumption for finishing 256 channels once initial phase calibration is about 2 min.

Key words: vector modulator, phased array, initial phase calibration, coherent phase-shift, millimeter wave imaging

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