北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 546-559.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0384

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

悬停状态下小型无人直升机飞行动力学模型辨识

武梅丽文, 陈铭, 王放   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2018-06-21 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-04-04
  • 通讯作者: 陈铭,E-mail:chenming@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:chenming@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:武梅丽文,女,博士研究生。主要研究方向:飞行动力学与控制;陈铭,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:直升机总体设计、直升机飞行动力学等。

Identification of flight dynamics models of a small-scale unmanned helicopter in hover condition

WU Meiliwen, CHEN Ming, WANG Fang   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2018-06-21 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-04-04

摘要: 为了更好地研究小型无人直升机悬停状态动力学特性,对一个8.1 kg三轴陀螺仪增稳的电动直升机,从线性系统辨识方面及非线性建模方面,进行了动力学模型深入研究。在线性系统辨识过程中,应用频域辨识方法,在飞行中同时采集陀螺仪之前及之后的操纵数据进行双系统辨识。在非线性建模过程中,机体、旋翼及尾桨动力学被分别建模。尾桨动力学应用3阶段辨识法单独提取基底、陀螺仪及整体增稳模型。结合2种分析过程,应用非线性-线性模型结合修正方法,提高相互的仿真精度。结果表明:13阶高阶模型在线性辨识过程中相对比11阶模型表现更优;双系统线性模型的基底模型数据具有高质量高频特性,最高频率限制可达30 rad/s;除挥舞方程参数和尾桨参数以外,非线性数学模型(NMM)进行了7个非线性变量的修正,有效地拟合了悬停实验数据。

关键词: 频域响应, 小型无人直升机, 三轴陀螺仪, 非线性分析, 系统辨识

Abstract: In order to better study the hover dynamics characteristics of small-scale unmanned helicopter, the in-depth dynamics model analysis of linear system identification and nonlinear modeling was conducted in this paper on an 8.1 kg electric helicopter with 3-axis gyro augmentation. In the linear system identification procedure, frequency-domain identification method was adopted. Double systems were obtained by using command signals from both before and after the gyro part. In the nonlinear modeling procedure, body dynamics, rotor dynamics, and tail rotor dynamics were modeled separately. The tail rotor dynamics utilized 3-stage identification method to extract the base model, the gyro model, and the overall model. A nonlinear-linear combined modification method was decided for improving the models' performance. The results show that the 13-state high-order model has higher simulation accuracy compared with the 11-state model. The flight data of the helicopter's base model for dual system linear model has high quality in high-frequency domain, and the maximum frequency is 30 rad/s. Apart from the flapping equation parameters and tail rotor parameters, the combined modification method got 7 parameters of the nonlinear mathematical model (NMM) corrected, which fits the experimental hover data effectively.

Key words: frequency response, small-scale unmanned helicopter, 3-axis gyro, nonlinear analysis, system identification

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发