北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (3): 499-507.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0404

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

阻拦着舰过程中飞行员颈部的损伤分析与预测

包佳仪1,2, 王兴伟3, 周前祥1,2, 谌玉红4, 李晨明4, 刘华蔚5   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 生物与医学工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 生物医学工程高精尖创新中心, 北京 100083;
    3. 空军航空医学研究所, 北京 100142;
    4. 军需工程技术研究所, 北京 100010;
    5. 中国人民解放军总医院, 北京 100853
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-02 出版日期:2019-03-20 发布日期:2019-04-04
  • 通讯作者: 王兴伟,E-mail:xingweiwang2013@sina.cn E-mail:xingweiwang2013@sina.cn
  • 作者简介:包佳仪,女,博士研究生。主要研究方向:航空航天人因工程;王兴伟,男,博士,教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:航空工效学;周前祥,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:航空航天人因工程。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFC0802807)

Analysis and prediction of neck injury of pilots during carrier aircraft arrest deck-landing

BAO Jiayi1,2, WANG Xingwei3, ZHOU Qianxiang1,2, SHEN Yuhong4, LI Chenming4, LIU Huawei5   

  1. 1. School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083;
    3. Institute of Aviation Medicine, Air Force, Beijing 100142, China;
    4. Institute of Military Engineering and Technology, Beijing 100010, China;
    5. Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing 100853, China
  • Received:2018-07-02 Online:2019-03-20 Published:2019-04-04

摘要: 针对舰载机飞行员在阻拦着舰过程中因受到较大的阻拦载荷而导致颈部疼痛发病率较高问题,采用有限元方法开展了持续过载条件下飞行员颈部的生物力学响应研究。基于CT扫描图像,运用Mimics对头部及C1-T1椎体进行三维重建,利用Geomagic Studio进行曲面构型,运用Hypermesh和ABAQUS建立有限元模型,并在ABAQUS中计算各椎体及软组织的应力应变情况,结合损伤评价判定准则——NIC和Nij对飞行员颈部损伤情况进行分析和预测。结果表明:有限元模型动力学响应与静态和动态实验结果基本吻合,验证了模型的准确性和建模方法的可行性;关节囊韧带拉伸较其他韧带更长,易造成拉伤或松弛,长期训练会造成韧带受损、椎间盘突出和颈椎失稳等疾病;C4-C5椎间盘的应力均值大于C5-C6椎间盘,因此,该部位更容易造成损伤,应强化保护;颈部危重及以上损伤的概率仅为6.07%,即造成椎骨和脊髓损伤的可能性很小。研究结果可为飞行员颈部保护装置、对抗措施和飞行训练方法的设计与改进提供理论支撑。

关键词: 阻拦着舰, 有限元, 持续过载, 头颈部, 损伤分析

Abstract: Aimed at the high incidence of neck pain caused by large blocking load in the process of arrest deck-landing the aircraft carrier, the biomechanical response of pilots under the condition of continuous overload is studied by the finite element method. Based on CT scanning images, Mimics was used to perform the 3D reconstruction of the head and C1-T1 vertebrae, and Geomagic Studio was used to form a curved surface. The finite element model was established by Hypermesh and ABAQUS, and the stress and strain of each vertebra and soft tissue were calculated in ABAQUS. Combined with damage assessment criteria NIC and Nij, the neck injury of pilots was analyzed and predicted. The results show that the dynamic response of the finite element model is in agreement with the static and dynamic experimental results, and the accuracy of the model and the feasibility of the modeling method are verified. The tension of the articular capsule ligament is longer than the other ligaments, and it is easy to cause injury or relaxation. Long-term training will cause diseases such as ligament damage, intervertebral disc herniation and instability of cervical vertebra. The mean stress of C4-C5 intervertebral disc is greater than that of C5-C6 intervertebral disc. Therefore, it is easier to cause injury and should be strengthened. The probability of critical and above injuries in head and neck is only 6.07%, that is, the possibility of injury to vertebrae and spinal cord is very small. The research results can provide theoretical support for the design and improvement of neck protection devices, countermeasures and flight training methods for pilots.

Key words: arrest deck-landing, finite element, continuous overload, head and neck, injury analysis

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