北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (4): 722-734.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0462

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于目标逃逸机动预估的空空导弹可发射区

王杰1, 丁达理1, 许明2, 韩博1, 雷磊3   

  1. 1. 空军工程大学 航空工程学院, 西安 710038;
    2. 中国人民解放军95478部队, 重庆 401329;
    3. 国家电网陕西省电力公司 电力科学研究院, 西安 710038
  • 收稿日期:2018-07-31 出版日期:2019-04-20 发布日期:2019-04-26
  • 通讯作者: 王杰 E-mail:wangjie_afeu@126.com
  • 作者简介:王杰,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:无人飞行器作战系统与技术;丁达理,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:武器系统与运用工程。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61601505);航空科学基金(20155196022)

Air-to-air missile launchable area based on target escape maneuver estimation

WANG Jie1, DING Dali1, XU Ming2, HAN Bo1, LEI Lei3   

  1. 1. Aeronautics Engineering College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710038, China;
    2. Unit 95478 of People's Liberation Army, Chongqing 401329, China;
    3. Electric Power Research Institute, State Grid Shaanxi Electric Power Company, Xi'an 710038, China
  • Received:2018-07-31 Online:2019-04-20 Published:2019-04-26
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (61601505); Aeronautical Science Foundation of China (20155196022)

摘要: 为适应无人自主空战条件下对空空导弹火控解算的特殊需求,提出了基于目标机动预估的空空导弹可发射区问题。首先,基于导弹-目标追逃对抗策略,设计了目标机动预估模型,根据导弹与目标的相对方位信息,实现对目标逃逸机动方式的预估;然后,基于多种实际约束,构建了导弹运动动力学模型;最后,设计了基于黄金分割搜索算法的可发射区边界求解策略,实现对可发射区边界值的快速精确搜索。仿真结果表明,空空导弹对初始位置位于所提出的基于目标机动预估的可发射区内的目标,具有更大的命中概率;该可发射区更加适应近距空战中目标逃逸机动的剧烈态势变化,有利于导弹战术使用性能的充分发挥。

关键词: 自主空战, 空空导弹, 可发射区, 目标机动预估, 黄金分割搜索策略

Abstract: In order to satisfy the special requirement for fire control of air-to-air missiles under unmanned air combat conditions, the problem of launchable area of air-to-air missile based on target maneuver estimation is presented. Based on the missile-target tracking escape countermeasure strategy, the target maneuver estimation model is designed. According to the relative position information of the missile and the target, the estimation of the target escape maneuver mode is realized. Based on a variety of practical constraints, a missile dynamics model is constructed. A launchable area boundary solving strategy based on the golden section search strategy is designed to achieve a fast and accurate search for the boundary value of the launchable area. The simulation results show that the air-to-air missile has a greater probability of hitting the target in the launchable area based on the target maneuver estimation proposed in the paper. The presented launchable area is more suitable for the dramatic change of the target escape maneuver in the close air combat, which is beneficial to the full play of the missile tactical performance.

Key words: autonomous air combat, air-to-air missile, launchable area, target maneuver estimation, golden section search strategy

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