北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (1): 103-114.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0184

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

故障样本量确定与分配一体化设计方案

王康, 史贤俊, 韩旭, 龙玉峰   

  1. 海军航空大学, 烟台 264001
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-23 发布日期:2020-01-21
  • 通讯作者: 史贤俊 E-mail:sxjaa@sina.com
  • 作者简介:王康,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:装备测试性设计、验证与评估;史贤俊,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:导弹自动测试技术,装备测试性设计、验证与评估。

Integrated design scheme for fault sample size determination and allocation

WANG Kang, SHI Xianjun, HAN Xu, LONG Yufeng   

  1. Naval Aviation University, Yantai 264001, China
  • Received:2019-04-23 Published:2020-01-21

摘要: 针对当前测试性验证领域未能考虑故障样本量确定和样本分配2个环节的相互联系,以及现有样本分配方案对影响因子的选择没有统一的框架,导致确定的故障样本量和样本分配不合理的问题,提出了一种故障样本量确定与分配一体化设计方案。首先,以层次Bayes网络模型为框架,融合各节点测试性指标先验信息得到顶层测试性指标的融合分布,并建立故障样本量确定流程;其次,引入结构重要度作为样本分配影响因子,同时结合故障模式影响及危害性分析(FMECA)信息确定节点和故障模式的样本分配影响因子,提出基于节点和故障模式的二次分配框架实施样本分配;最后,通过实际案例进行对比分析。结果表明:相比其他样本分配方案,所提方案能充分考虑系统结构及其先验信息,进而实现了故障样本量确定和分配一体化方案的设计,保证了所确定的故障样本量和分配的合理性,具备更好的工程适用性。

关键词: 测试性验证, 故障样本量, 样本分配, 层次Bayes网络, 先验信息, 故障模式

Abstract: For the current testability verification field, the relationship between the fault sample size determination and the sample allocation is not taken into consideration, and the existing sample allocation schemes have no uniform framework for the selection of the impact factor, which lead to the problem that the determined sample size and sample allocation are unreasonable, so an integrated design scheme for fault sample size determination and allocation is proposed. Firstly, the prior information of each node's testability indicators was integrated to obtain the fusion distribution of top-level testability indicators, which could be used to establish a fault sample size determination process based on the hierarchical Bayes network model. Secondly, the structural importance was introduced as the sample allocation influence factor. At the same time, the failure modes, effect and criticality analysis (FMECA) information was used to determine the sample allocation influence factor of the nodes and the failure modes. Then the secondary allocation framework based on the nodes and failure modes was proposed to implement the sample allocation. Finally, a comparative analysis was carried out through actual cases. The results show that, compared with other sample allocation schemes, the proposed scheme can fully consider the system structure and its prior information, and realize the integrated design for fault sample size determination and allocation, which ensures the reasonable sample size and allocation with better engineering applicability.

Key words: testability verification, fault sample size, sample allocation, hierarchical Bayes network, prior information, failure mode

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