北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (5): 1024-1031.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0334

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种飞机大尺寸曲面测量点差异性规划方法

毛喆1, 李泷杲1, 徐岩1, 曾琪1, 主逵2   

  1. 1. 南京航空航天大学 机电学院, 南京 210016;
    2. 深圳市劲拓自动化设备股份有限公司, 深圳 518101
  • 收稿日期:2019-06-25 发布日期:2020-05-19
  • 通讯作者: 李泷杲 E-mail:lishuanggao@nuaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:毛喆 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:飞机数字化装配与测量;李泷杲 男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:飞机数字化装配与测量;徐岩 男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:制造业信息化、CAD/CAM技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2017YFF0107304)

A difference measurement points planning method for large-scale surface of aircraft

MAO Zhe1, LI Shuanggao1, XU Yan1, ZENG Qi1, ZHU Kui2   

  1. 1. College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China;
    2. Shenzhen JT Automation Equipment Co. Ltd. , Shenzhen 518101, China
  • Received:2019-06-25 Published:2020-05-19

摘要: 数字化测量技术在飞机大尺寸零部件检测的应用日益广泛,合理规划测量点数量和分布以精确地描述待测特征已成为关键问题之一。针对复杂曲线曲面的测量点规划问题,提出了一种基于确定性表达的测量点差异性规划方法。利用非均匀有理B样条(NURBS)理论精确拟合自由曲线,通过粒子群优化算法综合优化控制点及权因子,构建高精度的拟合曲线。提出了面向曲率特性和测量不确定度的布点策略,结合曲面特性建立完整、高效的测量点规划流程。基于CAA模块程序化实现了测量点规划方法,并以试验件为验证对象,验证了所提方法的可行性和系统的有效性。

关键词: 数字化测量, 测量点规划, 曲线参数化, 测量不确定度, 曲率极值点

Abstract: Digital measurement technology has been gradually applied in aircraft large-scale component measurement, which also brings about many issues, and the fundamental one is how to plan the number and layout of measurement points to well describe the curve or surface. Aimed at solving the issue of complicated curve or surface measurement points planning, a novel difference measurement points planning method based on deterministic representation is proposed. The curve’s deterministic representation is acquired by using Non-Uniform Rational B-Splines (NURBS) theory, and the particle swarm optimization is adopted to optimize the control points and corresponding weights factors to construct the high-precision fitting curve. Two different measurement point planning strategies considering curvature and measurement uncertainty are designed, and combined with surface characteristics, a complete and high efficiency measurement point planning process is constructed. The measurement points planning algorithm proposed in this paper is programmed based on the CAA, and by taking test piece as experiment object, the feasibility of the algorithm and the effectiveness of the system are verified.

Key words: digital measurement, measurement points planning, curve parameterization, measurement uncertainty, curvature extreme points

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