北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (12): 2415-2422.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0371

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种基于曼哈顿距离的帧间加权预测算法

郭红伟1,2, 朱策2, 李帅2, 王永华2   

  1. 1. 红河学院 工学院, 蒙自 661100;
    2. 电子科技大学 信息与通信工程学院, 成都 611731
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-09 出版日期:2019-12-20 发布日期:2019-12-31
  • 通讯作者: 朱策 E-mail:eczhu@uestc.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:郭红伟 男,博士研究生,副教授。主要研究方向:视频编码与通信;朱策 男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:视频编码与通信、视频分析和处理;李帅 男,博士,副研究员。主要研究方向:视频编码、计算机视觉;王永华 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:视频编码。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61571102,41761079);四川省科学技术厅重点项目(2018JY0035);云南省地方本科高校基础研究联合专项资金(2018FH001-056)

Manhattan distance based inter-frame weighted prediction algorithm

GUO Hongwei1,2, ZHU Ce2, LI Shuai2, WANG Yonghua2   

  1. 1. School of Engineering, Honghe University, Mengzi 661100, China;
    2. School of Information and Communication Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 611731, China
  • Received:2019-07-09 Online:2019-12-20 Published:2019-12-31
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (61571102,41761079); Key Project of Sichuan Provincial Department of Science and Technology (2018JY0035); Yunnan Local Colleges Applied Basic Research Project (2018FH001-056)

摘要: 合并模式通过共享邻域块的运动矢量(MV)来节省编码运动信息比特数,有效提升了编码器率失真性能。然而,当前合并模式中的运动补偿预测(MCP)不够准确。为此,分析了合并模式中的预测残差分布特点,并提出了一种基于曼哈顿距离的加权预测算法作为合并模式的附加候选项。首先,采用邻域合并候选项的运动矢量进行运动补偿预测得到多个预测块;然后,根据候选块位置与像素点的曼哈顿距离对获得的多个预测块进行加权平均得到附加候选项;最后,通过率失真优化(RDO)从附加候选项和原有候选项中选择出最佳的合并模式。实验结果显示:在联合探索测试模型JEM 7.0平台上,所提算法在不同的编码器配置下均获得了率失真性能的提升,其中低延迟P帧下达到了平均1.34%的比特率节省。

关键词: 视频编码, 率失真优化(RDO), 合并模式, 运动补偿, 加权预测

Abstract: Merge mode saves the number of bits required to encode motion information by sharing the motion vector (MV) in neighboring blocks, which improves the rate-distortion performance of encoders effectively. However, motion compensation prediction (MCP) is not accurate enough in the merge mode currently. Therefore, this paper analyses the characteristics of residual distribution after MCP in the merge mode, and presents a Manhattan distance based weighted prediction method as an additional candidate for the merge mode. First, several predicted blocks are obtained by MCP with motion vectors in neighboring candidates. Second, the additional candidate is obtained by a weighted average method according to Manhattan distances from the neighboring candidate to the pixel points in the predicted blocks obtained. Finally, the best merge mode is selected by rate distortion optimization (RDO) among the additional candidate and the original candidates. The experimental results show that, on the joint exploration test model 7.0 (JEM 7.0), the proposed method achieves rate distortion performance improvement under the different configurations of encoder, where a bitrate saving of 1.34% on average is obtained under the configuration of low delay P frame.

Key words: video coding, rate distortion optimization (RDO), merge mode, motion compensation, weighted prediction

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