北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (7): 1398-1404.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0441

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

激光雷达复材型面测量精度分析方法

潘鑫1, 张俐1, 何凯2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 航空工业成都飞机工业(集团)有限责任公司 复材厂, 成都 610092
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-16 发布日期:2020-07-18
  • 通讯作者: 张俐 E-mail:gracejune@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:潘鑫 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:飞机数字化装配检测技术。
    张俐 女,高级工程师,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:复杂产品数字化测量应用技术与工艺方法。
  • 基金资助:
    联合基金(6141B05090201)

Method of accuracy analysis for composite material surface measurement by lidar

PAN Xin1, ZHANG Li1, HE Kai2   

  1. 1. School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Composite Factory, AVIC Chengdu Aircraft Industrial(Group) Co., Ltd., Chengdu 610092, China
  • Received:2019-08-16 Published:2020-07-18
  • Supported by:
    United Fund (6141B05090201)

摘要: 针对激光雷达复材型面测量时测量精度的评定需求,提出了一种基于激光雷达回波信号信噪比(SNR)的精度分析方法。通过对复材型面检测结果进行评价,获取零件脱模后准确的变形量结果,有利于实现精准修模。所提方法考虑了测量工程中待测距离、入射角、材料属性等因素对测量结果产生的影响,研究激光雷达型面测量过程中回波信号信噪比与测量精度的联系,利用信噪比的变化规律,结合仪器不确定度,确定测量点云不同区域的精度修正因子,实现激光雷达大尺寸复材型面变形量检测结果的测量精度分析,减小了测量误差对变形量的影响。所提方法能准确评价测量结果的精度,获取复材型面的真实变形量。

关键词: 信噪比 (SNR), 复材型面测量, 精度分析, 散射特性, 修正因子

Abstract: In order to meet the accuracy evaluation requirement of composite material surface measurement with lidar, this paper proposed an analysis method based on Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of lidar echo signals. By evaluating the detection results, the deformation results after the demolding can be obtained accurately, which is conducive to achieving the repairs of composite material mold. This method considers the influence of measurement distance, incident angle and material property on the results in measurement engineering. And the relationship between echo signal SNR and measurement accuracy in lidar measurement process is studied. Combined with SNR variation law and instrument uncertainty, the accuracy correction factor can be determined in different areas of measurement point-cloud. Finally, this method is used to realize measurement accuracy analysis of large-scale composite material surface deformation measurement results by lidar, which reduces the influence of the measurement error on deformation. This method can accurately evaluate the accuracy of measurement results and obtain the true deformation amount of composite material surface.

Key words: Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR), composite surface measurement, accuracy analysis, scattering characteristics, correction factor

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发