北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 46 ›› Issue (8): 1545-1554.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0487

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞机电动滑行系统驱动特性及节能减排性能分析

唐建军1, 郭卫东2, 徐东光3, 贾玉红4   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 大型飞机高级人才培训班, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 机械工程及自动化学院, 北京 100083;
    3. 中国商飞上海飞机设计研究院, 上海 201210;
    4. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-06 发布日期:2020-08-27
  • 通讯作者: 贾玉红 E-mail:jiayuhong@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:唐建军 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:机械设计、飞行器设计、起落架系统设计与起落架控制技术。
    贾玉红 女,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:机械设计、飞行器结构设计、飞机起落架设计与主动控制技术。

Driving characteristics and energy saving and emission reduction performance of aircraft electric taxiing system

TANG Jianjun1, GUO Weidong2, XU Dongguang3, JIA Yuhong4   

  1. 1. Large Aircraft Advanced Training Center, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    3. COMAC Shanghai Aircraft Design & Research Institute, Shanghai 201210, China;
    4. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2019-09-06 Published:2020-08-27

摘要: 针对某中程飞机设计了基于主起落架机轮驱动的飞机电动滑行系统(AETS),并对其进行了仿真分析。利用MATLAB/Simulink对AETS进行了建模,分别构建了驱动电机模型、机械系统模型和排放性能评估模型;在此基础上进行了驱动能力、稳定性及节能减排性能的仿真。结果表明:所设计系统驱动能力良好,稳定性优异,节能减排效果明显。利用所设计系统驱动目标飞机在地面上滑行最大速度可达4.91 m/s,基本满足滑行要求;当外在负载波动时,其滑行速度能够平稳调节;在相同条件下,当滑行距离为1 500 m时,利用AETS代替主发动机驱动飞机滑行可节省燃油75%以上,减排CO、HC、NOX等有害气体67%以上。

关键词: 飞机电动滑行系统(AETS), 驱动能力, 稳定性, 节能减排, 滑行仿真

Abstract: An Aircraft Electric Taxiing System (AETS) based on the main landing gear wheel drive for a medium-range aircraft is designed, the simulation analysis is carried out as well.MATLAB/Simulink was used to model AETS. The driving motor model, the mechanical system model and the emission performance evaluation model are constructed. On this basis, the driving capability, stability, energy saving and emission reduction performance are simulated.The simulation results show that the designed system has good driving capability, excellent stability, and obvious energy saving and emission reduction performance.Using this system to drive the target aircraft to taxi on the ground, the maximum speed can reach 4.91 m/s, which basically meets the requirements of taxiing.When the external load fluctuates, its taxiing speed can be adjusted smoothly. Under the same conditions,when the taxiing distance is 1 500 m, using AETS to replace the main engine to drive the aircraft taxiing on the ground can save more than 75% fuel, and reduce the emission of CO, HC, NOX and other harmful gases by more than 67%.

Key words: Aircraft Electric Taxiing System(AETS), driving capability, stability, energy saving and emission reduction, taxiing simulation

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