北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 1038-1048.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0124

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于WDPR-8支撑与弯刀尾支撑的风洞对比试验研究

潘家鑫1,2, 林麒1, 吴惠松1, 周凡桂1, 王晓光1   

  1. 1. 厦门大学 航空航天学院, 厦门 361102;
    2. 中国空气动力研究与发展中心, 绵阳 621000
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-03 发布日期:2021-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 林麒 E-mail:qilin@xmu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:潘家鑫,男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:绳系并联机器人、风洞试验技术;林麒,女,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:绳系并联机器人、风洞试验技术、实验流体力学。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(11472234,11702232,11072207);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(20720180071)

Comparative experimental study on wind tunnel based on WDPR-8 and machetes tail support

PAN Jiaxin1,2, LIN Qi1, WU Huisong1, ZHOU Fangui1, WANG Xiaoguang1   

  1. 1. School of Aerospace Engineering, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102;
    2. China Aerodynamics Research and Development Center, Mianyang 621000, China
  • Received:2020-04-03 Published:2021-05-28

摘要: 对国内近年设计的具有典型先进战斗机布局的动态试验标模,采用8绳牵引的绳牵引并联机器人(WDPR-8)支撑和传统弯刀尾支撑在FL-5风洞中进行对比吹风试验。根据风洞试验环境及仿真计算系统的刚度与工作空间,设计了满足要求的WDPR-8绳系结构和支撑机构,并建造了样机;在阻塞比及两心距足够小的前提下,保证了模型在两支撑系统中的通用性,以此设计内置六分量杆式天平的试验模型;利用绳拉力信号并联WDPR-8视觉采集系统与风洞VSS采集系统,实现气动力、机器视觉和绳拉力3个采集系统同步工作;在除支撑系统以外其他试验条件保持一致的条件下,进行重复性试验、纵向试验和横向试验。数据处理时,弯刀尾支撑进行了尾支架修正,WDPR-8支撑未修正。比较对照试验结果可得:两者在纵向试验的重复性试验所得升力系数最大均方差差别很小,2种支撑得到的升力系数、阻力系数和俯仰力矩系数的最大均方差不超过3.6%;横向试验在试验攻角范围内,2种支撑得到的侧向力系数对侧滑角的导数变化规律基本相同。用WDPR-8支撑进行的单自由度俯仰振荡试验得到的升力系数迟滞环曲线各环首尾连续,与静态升力系数曲线走势一致,且非定常迟滞环面积随减缩频率增大而增大,符合物理意义。试验研究结果反映出WDPR-8支撑的可行性及结果的有效性。

关键词: 风洞试验, 对比试验, 绳牵引并联机器人(WDPR), 弯刀尾支撑, 气动特性

Abstract: For a dynamic test model designed in China in recent years with a typical advanced fighter layout, Wire-Driven Parallel Robot with 8 Wires (WDPR-8) support and a traditional machetes tail support were used in a FL-5 wind tunnel for a comparative blow test. According to the wind tunnel test environment and the system's stiffness and working space, WDPR-8 wire structure and supporting mechanism were designed, and the prototype was built; for the blocking ratio and the distance between the two centers are small, the versatility of the model in the two support systems was ensured, and the test model of the built-in six-component bar balance was designed; the wire tension signal is used to parallel the WDPR-8 vision acquisition system and the wind tunnel VSS acquisition system to achieve that the three systems work synchronously. Repeatable tests, longitudinal tests, and transverse tests were performed under conditions in which the test conditions are consistent except for the support system. During data processing, the WDPR-8 was not modified for the tail bracket, and the tail support was modified for the tail bracket. The comparison of the test results of the two supports shows that the maximum mean square error of the lift coefficient obtained by the repeated tests in longitudinal test is near. The maximum mean square error of lift coefficient, drag coefficient, pitching moment coefficient obtained by the two supports do not exceed 3.6%. In the transverse test, the variation law of the derivative of the lateral force coefficient to the side slip angle obtained by the two supports are basically the same throughout the test angle of attack. The lift coefficient hysteresis loop curve obtained from the single-degree-of-freedom pitch oscillation test performed with WDPR-8 is consistent with the static lift coefficient curve. The lift coefficient hysteresis loop was continuous from beginning to end, and the area of the unsteady hysteresis loop increases with the shrinkage frequency, which is in line with the physical meaning. The experimental research results reflect the feasibility and effectiveness of the WDPR-8 support.

Key words: wind tunnel test, comparative test, Wire-Driven Parallel Robot (WDPR), machetes tail support, aerodynamic characteristics

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