北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (6): 1173-1185.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0167

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速高压宽温域动压密封动环端面微变形及其改善方法

李世聪1, 钱才富1, 李双喜1, 钟建锋2, 刘兴华1   

  1. 1. 北京化工大学 机电工程学院, 北京 100029;
    2. 中国航空发动机集团 湖南动力机械研究所, 株洲 412002
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-29 发布日期:2021-07-06
  • 通讯作者: 李双喜 E-mail:buctlsx@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2018YFB2000800);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(BHYC1703A)

Face micro-deformation and its control method of rotating ring of hydrodynamic face seal under high speed, high pressure and wide temperature range

LI Shicong1, QIAN Caifu1, LI Shuangxi1, ZHONG Jianfeng2, LIU Xinghua1   

  1. 1. College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China;
    2. Hunan Aviation Powerplant Research Institute, Aero Engine Corporation of China, Zhuzhou 412002, China
  • Received:2020-04-29 Published:2021-07-06
  • Supported by:
    National Key R & D Program of China (2018YFB2000800); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (BHYC1703A)

摘要: 针对高速高压高温/低温工况下动压密封变形问题,以动压密封的典型结构为研究对象,考虑动环的支撑和约束,建立热固耦合分析模型,研究热载荷、力载荷和约束对动环端面微变形的影响,并提出动环端面微变形改善方法。结果表明:多载荷共同作用时,温差对动环端面微变形影响最大,其次是转速和压力;在2种情况下,动环端面微变形受温度值的影响很小,主要与温差有关;相比低温,动环端面微变形更易受高温的影响,单位温差的变形变化量为3~4倍;动环形心距旋转中心越远,动环端面微变形受转速影响越大,且呈抛物线关系;动环端面微变形与压差呈线性关系。对高速高压宽温域的动压密封,控制动环端面微变形,首先,应降低动环的温差;其次,若转速够高,应适当增加动环厚度,通过扩大形心变化区域能增加86%的动环端面微变形范围,若转速不够高,通过合理的结构设计约束动环内表面以控制动环翻转,最大能降低65.2%的动环端面微变形;最后,合理设计的轴向压紧力能进一步确保动环端面微变形维持在极小范围内。

关键词: 高速高压宽温域, 动压密封, 动环端面微变形, 变形改善方法, 形心位置

Abstract: Aimed at the deformation of hydrodynamic face seal under high speed, high pressure and high/low temperature conditions, a thermal-solid coupling model of typical structure of hydrodynamic face seal is established, and the support and constraints of rotating ring are considered. The face micro-deformation caused by thermal loads, force and constraints are analyzed, and its control methods are proposed. The results show that, when multiple loads act together, temperature difference has the greatest influence on face micro-deformation, followed by the rotational speed and pressure. In two cases, the face micro-deformation of rotating ring is mainly affected by the temperature difference rather than the temperature. Face micro-deformation is more susceptible to high temperature, and the change of face micro-deformation per unit temperature difference is 3-4 times that of low temperature. The farther the centroid of rotating ring is from the rotating center, the greater the influence of the rotational speed on the face micro-deformation is, and it has a parabolic relationship. The face micro-deformation has a linear relationship with the pressure difference. For high-speed, high-pressure, and wide-temperature-range hydrodynamic face seals, controlling the face micro-deformation should first reduce the temperature difference between the inner and outer surfaces of the rotating ring. Under high-speed conditions, the thickness of rotating ring should be appropriately increased, and the deformation range can be increased by 86% by expanding the centroid change area. Under low-speed conditions, the inner surface of rotating ring is restrained by reasonable structure design, which can control the turning of rotating ring and reduce the face micro-deformation by 65.2% at most. The axial clamping force designed reasonably can further ensure that the face micro-deformation is kept in a minimum range.

Key words: high-speed, high-pressure and wide temperature range, hydrodynamic face seal, face micro-deformation of rotating ring, deformation control method, centroid position

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