北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (10): 1980-1988.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0356

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

含间隙非线性机翼跨声速颤振时滞反馈控制

聂雪媛, 郑冠男, 杨国伟   

  1. 中国科学院力学研究所 流固耦合系统力学重点实验室, 北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-23 发布日期:2021-11-08
  • 通讯作者: 郑冠男 E-mail:zhengguannan@imech.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(11702298,11672303)

Time delay feedback control for transonic flutter of airfoil with free-play nonlinearity

NIE Xueyuan, ZHENG Guannan, YANG Guowei   

  1. Key Laboratory for Mechanics in Fluid Solid Coupling Systems of Institute of Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
  • Received:2020-07-23 Published:2021-11-08

摘要: 颤振主动控制会引入时滞,对气动弹性系统闭环稳定性具有显著影响。针对当前考虑时滞的机翼颤振主动控制多集中在亚、超声速域,采用线性气动力分析的研究现状,结合现代飞机大都以跨声速巡航、控制面偏转为作动器进行主动控制的应用特点,发展了考虑结构间隙非线性,基于气动力降阶模型的跨声速颤振时滞反馈主动控制方法。首先,以白噪声为激励信号,辨识得到跨声速下非定常气动力降阶模型,与间隙非线性结构模型耦合,构建被控对象状态空间模型;然后,通过一种含积分项的状态变换将输入信号存在时滞的被控系统转化为无时滞的系统;最后,采用最优控制理论设计最优时滞反馈控制。仿真结果表明:对于含时滞的系统,若施加不考虑时滞影响的控制方法,则无法抑制颤振,所提控制方法的有效性不受时滞大小的影响,可有效抑制颤振的发生。

关键词: 颤振抑制, 时滞系统, 反馈控制, 跨声速, 降阶模型, 间隙非线性

Abstract: In active control of flutter, time delays are inevitably introduced and have significant influence on the stability of the closed-loop controlled aeroelastic system. At present, study on the flutter suppression has been focused on subsonic and supersonic regimes, where aerodynamic forces are modeled with the linear theory. However, it is noticed that civil or military aircraft usually cruise at the transonic regime, and the control surface deflection is used as a control variable in the active control. In view of the above situation, the method of time delay feedback control for free-play nonlinear system transonic flutter is developed based on the aerodynamic forces reduced order modeling. In the method, the unsteady aerodynamic forces models for transonic regime were firstly identified with the white noise as excitation signals, and were combined with free-play nonlinear structure model to construct the state-space models for the controlled aeroelastic system. Then, a state transformation with the integral item was introduced to make the input-delay system be transformed into a system without delay. Finally, optimum time delay feedback control is designed by optimum control theory. Simulation results indicate that, for the system with time delay, the control algorithm may fail to suppress the flutter if time delay is not considered in control design. The effectiveness of the proposed time delay feedback control algorithm isn't influenced by the magnitude of the time delays. The developed method can obtain excellent flutter suppression results with either small or large input time delay.

Key words: flutter suppression, time delay system, feedback control, transonic, reduced-order model, free-play nonlinearity

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发