北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (12): 2475-2483.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0473

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

抗控制饱和的鲁棒非线性飞行控制方法

孙冰1, 陈伟2   

  1. 1. 吉林化工学院 信息与控制工程学院, 吉林 132022;
    2. 中国工程物理研究院 总体工程研究所, 绵阳 621900
  • 收稿日期:2020-08-28 发布日期:2022-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 孙冰 E-mail:ai-bb@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    吉林省教育厅“十三五”科学技术基金(JJKH20200252KJ)

Robust nonlinear flight control method against control saturation

SUN Bing1, CHEN Wei2   

  1. 1. School of Information and Control Engineering, Jilin Institute of Chemical Technology, Jilin 132022, China;
    2. Institute of Systems Engineering, China Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China
  • Received:2020-08-28 Published:2022-01-06
  • Supported by:
    Science and Technology Fund of Jilin Provincial Education Department during the 13th Five Year Plan (JJKH20200252KJ)

摘要: 飞行器在大包线范围内作机动飞行时,其舵面和发动机易达到饱和,该现象不仅会对闭环系统的稳定性造成影响,而且会大大缩短发动机等关键部件的使用寿命。针对该问题,设计了一种抗饱和非线性飞行控制方法。首先,建立飞行器的严格反馈非线性模型。然后,采用自适应反步设计思想设计得到舵控和发动机转速控制指令,由径向基函数(RBF)网络对建模误差进行逼近。针对控制饱和问题,分别设计了相应的抗饱和动态补偿系统。通过建立闭环控制系统的李雅普诺夫函数,由稳定性理论确定得到RBF网络的更新权值和抗饱和动态补偿系统的结构参数,确保所设计的闭环控制系统全局稳定。最后,仿真结果表明,在出现控制饱和时,抗饱和动态补偿系统可对控制指令进行实时修正,帮助系统较快脱离饱和状态,系统饱和时间缩短了30%~60%,同时具有较高的指令跟踪精度。

关键词: 飞行器, 控制饱和, 抗饱和补偿, 径向基函数(RBF)网络, 非线性控制

Abstract: When the aerocraft is maneuvering in a large envelope, its rudder surface and engine are easily saturated. This phenomenon will not only affect the stability of the closed-loop system, but also greatly shorten the service life of the engine and other key components. To solve this problem, a nonlinear flight control method against saturation was designed. First, the strict feedback nonlinear model of the aerocraft was established. Then, the rudder control and engine speed control commands were designed by using adaptive backstepping design method, and the modeling error was approximated by Radial Basis Function (RBF) network. To solve the control saturation problem, the corresponding anti-saturation dynamic compensation systems were designed respectively. By establishing the Lyapunov function of the closed-loop system, the update weights of RBF network and the structural parameters of anti-saturation dynamic compensation system were determined by stability theory, which ensures the global stability of the designed closed-loop control system. Finally, the simulation results show that, when the control saturation occurs, the anti-saturation compensation system can modify the control command in real time, which helps the system to get out of saturation state quickly and shorten the saturation time by 30%-60%, with high command tracking accuracy.

Key words: aerocraft, control saturation, antisaturation compensation, Radial Basis Function (RBF) network, nonlinear control

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