北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 48 ›› Issue (5): 762-770.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0679

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于副气囊的平流层浮空器高度控制

林康1, 马云鹏1, 郑泽伟2, 武哲1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 自动化科学与电气工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-12-04 发布日期:2022-05-30
  • 通讯作者: 马云鹏 E-mail:myp@buaa.edu.cn

Height control of stratospheric aerostat based on secondary airbag

LIN Kang1, MA Yunpeng1, ZHENG Zewei2, WU Zhe1   

  1. 1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-12-04 Published:2022-05-30

摘要: 浮空器悬停或飞行控制设计时,通常将风作为干扰项或阻力,螺旋桨需要消耗大量的能源克服风的阻力,而浮空器携带的能源有限,因此浮空器设计时存在欠能源问题。根据平流层风场的特点,采用副气囊控制浮空器的高度,实现平流层不同高度的风场利用,可以减小浮空器的能源消耗。建立浮空器高度控制模型,采用反步法设计浮空器高度控制器,利用状态观测器对浮空器的模型误差和输入误差进行估计,并进行了仿真分析,证明所设计的控制器能有效控制浮空器的高度。建立浮空器高度控制时其囊体内外压差变化模型,仿真分析表明,浮空器高度变化后,其囊体最终内外压差与初始压差相同。

关键词: 平流层浮空器, 副气囊, 高度控制, 风场利用, 反步法, 囊体内外压差

Abstract: In the past, when the aerostat hovering or flight control was designed, wind was used as an interference item or resistance, and the propeller was required to overcome the wind resistance. The energy carried by the aerostat is limited, so there is a problem of insufficient energy in the design of the aerostat.According to the characteristics of the stratospheric wind field, this paper uses a secondary airbag to control the height of the aerostat, realizes the utilization of wind fields with different heights in the stratosphere, and can reduce the energy consumption of the aerostat. In this paper, the aerostat height control model is established, backstepping is used to design the aerostat height controller, the state observer is used to estimate the aerostat model error and input error, and simulation analysis is performed to prove the designed controller can effectively control the height of the aerostat. And this paper establishes the change model of the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the airbag when the aerostat height is controlled, and simulates and analyzes the influence of the change of aerostat height on the pressure difference between the inside and outside of the airbag.

Key words: stratospheric aerostat, secondary airbag, height control, utilization of wind fields, backstepping, pressure difference between inside and outside of airbag

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