北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (05): 444-447.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高速电梯气动特性实验模拟设备研制

段颖1, 申功1, 张永刚1, 苏文弼2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 香港城市大学 建筑系, 香港
  • 收稿日期:2002-12-31 出版日期:2004-05-31 发布日期:2010-09-21
  • 作者简介:段 颖(1972-),女,辽宁沈阳人,硕士生, GX shen@sohu.com.

Aerodynamic testing simulation facility for high-speed elevator

Duan Ying1, Shen Gong1, Zhang Yonggang1, Su Wenbi2   

  1. 1. School of Aeronautic Science and Technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Department of Building and Construction, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
  • Received:2002-12-31 Online:2004-05-31 Published:2010-09-21

摘要: 基于对影响高速电梯隧道效应参数的无量纲分析,设计并建成了一套简化高速电梯气动特性试验设备,可实现不同的阻塞比、开口比、端头留空比和箱体外形等多种状态下的实验模拟,使用数字式粒子图像测速系统(DPIV)开展了四种端部形状(平头、圆锥、圆头和抛物线)的箱体绕流的瞬时速度场测量.结果分析表明:绕箱体存在复杂非定常的涡流动,头部基本不分离,看不出不同形状的影响;尾部分离情况不同,平头与其它形状有明显区别.

Abstract: Based on the non-dimensional analysis of parameters influencing the aerodynamic tunnel effect in high-speed elevators, a simplified testing facility was designed and set up. Significant physical parameters, including blockage ratios, open ratios, reserved ratios and distinct shapes of car head (cylindrical, parabolic, conical and spherical shape) were available in this facility. The instantaneous velocity distribution fields around different symmetrical heads and tails were measured by using DPIV (digital particle image velocimetry) systems. Results show it is distinct between cylindrical shape and other three shapes for the wake separation pattern but no separation is obvious around heads for all shapes.

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