北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (12): 1472-1476.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

低强度超声波改善微生物燃料电池产电效能

姚璐1, 李正龙1, 刘红2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 材料科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 生物工程系, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2006-05-15 出版日期:2006-12-31 发布日期:2010-09-21
  • 作者简介:姚 璐(1982-),女,浙江宁波人,硕士生,Lh64@buaa.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    国家科技攻关计划资助项目(2005DFBA0005)

Improve electricity generation of microbial fuel cells by low intensity ultrasound

Yao Lu1, Li Zhenglong1, Liu Hong2   

  1. 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Dept. of Biological Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2006-05-15 Online:2006-12-31 Published:2010-09-21

摘要: 微生物燃料电池(MFCs,Microbial Fuel Cells)可在处理有机废水的同时获得电能,但生物体系缓慢的电子传递速率是其发展的瓶颈.为了寻求提高MFCs工作效率的途径,建立了2个有效容积为1.5L,电极面积160cm2的单室MFCs,设置为超声波强化反应器和对照反应器,进行对比试验.结果表明,采用强度为0.2W/cm2、频率33kHz、超声间隔为83h的超声波对反应器辐照10min,在反应后期(运行2880h后)MFCs与对照反应器相比最大功率密度提高了6%,一个运行周期产生的总电量增加了46.5%;设置超声的反应器库仑效率(CE,Coulombic Efficiency)比对照反应器提高了25.7%.超声波强化反应器中水的pH值最小值比对照pH值最小值低0.2,超声波辐照的反应器氧化还原电位(ORP,Oxidation Reduction Potential) 最小值低于对照反应器ORP最小值34.8mV. 2个反应器3000min对化学需氧量(COD,Chemical Oxygen Demand)的净化效率都达到72.9%,超声波对COD去除贡献不明显,并从低强度超声波对微生物作用的过程方面分析了上述现象.

Abstract: It is possible to produce electricity in microbial fuel cells(MFCs) while accomplishing biological wastewater treatment, but slow electron transference limits the development of MFCs. To improve the electricity generation, two similar single chambered MFCs were built, which had the available volume 1.5L, and each electrode area was 160cm2. One was irradiated by ultrasound, the other used as control. The MFCs was induced by ultrasound at 33kHz in 10min with the ultrasound intensities of 0.2W/cm2 every 83 hours. The result shows that in the end of the reaction(about 2880h), the maximum power density of the ultrasound treatment reactor increases by 6% comparing with that of the control, and the total coulomb increases by 46.5% in one reaction cycle. The ultrasound treatment reactor′s Coulombic efficiency(CE) is 25.7% higher than that of the control. Moreover, in the MFCs with ultrasound, the lowest pH of wastewater is lower than that in the control, and the lowest oxidation reduction potential(ORP) of reactor is lower by 34.8mV. In 3000min the two reactors′ removal rate of chemical oxygen demand(COD) all reaches to 72.9%. The ultrasound irradiation doesn′t increase the removal rate of COD obviously. The explanation of these differences was given according to the influence of low intensity ultrasound to the microorganisms.

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发