北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (12): 1469-1472.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

N2 O单组元微推力器性能分析及试验

孙 威1, 方 杰1, 蔡国飙1, 丛 昱2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 宇航学院, 北京 100191;
    2. 中科院大连化学物理研究所 航天催化与新材料研究室,大连 116023
  • 收稿日期:2008-01-09 出版日期:2008-12-31 发布日期:2010-09-16
  • 作者简介:孙威(1981-),男,湖南益阳人,博士生,sw@sa.buaa.edu.cn.

Performance analysis and experimental research on nitrous oxide monopropellant micro-thruster

Sun Wei1, Fang Jie1, Cai Guobiao1, Cong Yu2   

  1. 1. School of Astronautics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. Laboratory of Catalysts and New Materials for Aerospace, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Dalian 116023, China
  • Received:2008-01-09 Online:2008-12-31 Published:2010-09-16

摘要: N2O单组元微推进是当前微推进领域的一个热点问题.在N2O催化分解热力计算的基础上开展了对N2O单组元微推力器比冲性能影响因素的分析,分析结果表明微推力器比冲与N2O分解效率及喷管扩张比有密切关系.所开展的亚牛级N2O单元微推力器催化分解试验结果表明所设计N2O单元推力器能在250℃初温条件下启动,初步验证了N2O单元微推力器的可行性;也揭示了推力室结构及床载大小对亚牛级N2O单元微推力器性能的影响,为进一步的结构及试验设计提供了参考.

Abstract: Performance analysis for monopropellant micro-thruster using nitrous oxide (N2O) propellant was carried out based on the thermodynamic computation. Preliminary results show that decomposition rate of nitrous oxide and the expansion ratio of nozzle both have effects on the specific impulse of the thruster. Experiments of nitrous oxide catalytic decomposition at different initial catalyst bed temperature were conducted in testers of different structures. Self-sustaining decomposition reaction of nitrous oxide was observed at preheated temperature of 250℃. The performance of the sub-Newton micro-thruster was greatly affected by the combustion chamber structure and the loading factor of catalyst bed according to experimental results. Although the results are not conclusive because of the small initial test set, preliminary numbers demonstrate the feasibility of the N2O monopropellant micro-thruster.

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发