北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 424-430.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2014.0465

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

多用户协作式界面

杨强1,2, 刘杰1, 邹雨2, 秦永强1, 喻纯1, 史元春1,3   

  1. 1. 清华大学 信息科学与技术国家实验室普适计算研究部, 北京 100084;
    2. 海军装备研究院, 北京 100036;
    3. 青海大学 计算机技术与应用系, 西宁 810016
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-28 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 史元春(1967—),女,河南驻马店人,教授,shiyc@tsinghua.edu.cn,主要研究方向为人机交互与普适计算. E-mail:shiyc@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:杨强(1979—),男,山东禹城人,博士生,haigongyang@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(61272230); 清华大学自主科研基金资助项目(20111081113)

Multi-user collaborative interface

YANG Qiang1,2, LIU Jie1, ZOU Yu2, QIN Yongqiang1, YU Chun1, SHI Yuanchun1,3   

  1. 1. Pervasive Computing Group, Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
    2. Naval Academy of Armament, Beijing 100036, China;
    3. Department of Computer Science and Technology, Qinghai University, Xining 810016, China
  • Received:2014-04-28 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-02

摘要: 多用户特征是交互桌面的核心特征.多用户围绕交互桌面进行面对面协作过程中体现出一些新的协作方式,这种体现新型协作方式的界面是一种新型界面设计范型,即“协作式界面”.分析了协作式界面的并发操作等6个特征和5种新型协作方式.在设计方面,提出了协作式界面的设计范型,并采用层次状态机对典型协作方式进行了形式化描述与设计.在实现方面,构建了一套体现上述协作特征和协作方式的控件库,基于该控件库实现了2个示例性应用.最后开展了用户实验,并利用李克特量表对实验进行了统计,结果表明,基于交互桌面的协作式界面设计在决策质量、协同标绘效率、协作可视化能力方面都提高了60%以上,效果显著.

关键词: 交互桌面, 多用户, 协作式界面, 协作方式, 情境

Abstract: The multi-user characteristic is a key factor for interactive tabletops. Some emerging collaborative patterns emerge during the process of multiple users gathering around interactive table and collaborating face to face. The interface which shows the emerging collaborative pattern is a design paradigm of emerging interface, which is called “interactive interface”. 6 characteristics and 5 emerging interactive modes, including concurrent operation of interactive interface and so on, were analyzed. In the aspect of design, the design paradigm for collaborative interface was proposed, and typical collaborative patterns were formally descripted and designed with hierarchical state machines. In the aspect of implementation, a set of component libraries embodying the collaborative traits and collaborative modes above were developed, and two typical applications were embodied based on these component libraries. Finally, user experiments were conducted, and experiment data were analyzed by Likert Scale. The results show that collaborative interface design based on interactive tabletops can improve decision quality, the efficiency of collaborative situation sensemaking and the visualization effect increase by more than 60%, the effect is significant.

Key words: interactive tabletops, multi-user, collaborative interface, collaborative mode, context

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