北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (8): 1575-1581.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0750

• 多相流测量 • 上一篇    下一篇

静电传感器测量固体颗粒质量流量实验研究

吴诗彤1, 闫勇1,2, 钱相臣1   

  1. 1. 华北电力大学 控制与计算机工程学院, 北京 102206;
    2. 肯特大学 工程与数字艺术学院, 肯特 CT2 7NT
  • 收稿日期:2018-12-20 出版日期:2019-08-20 发布日期:2019-09-06
  • 通讯作者: 钱相臣 E-mail:xqian@ncepu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:吴诗彤 女,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:气固两相流检测技术;闫勇 男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:多相流测量技术、火焰监测技术与先进仪表;钱相臣 男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:多相流检测技术、智能仪表与工业过程参数检测技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61603135);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(2018ZD05)

Experimental study on mass flow measurement of solid particles using electrostatic sensors

WU Shitong1, YAN Yong1,2, QIAN Xiangchen1   

  1. 1. School of Control and Computer Engineering, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China;
    2. School of Engineering and Digital Arts, University of Kent, Kent CT2 7NT, UK
  • Received:2018-12-20 Online:2019-08-20 Published:2019-09-06
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (61603135); the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018ZD05)

摘要: 航空发动机气路和排放尾气中固体颗粒物的监测有助于提高相关设备故障的识别和预警能力。采用3种不同形式的静电传感器测量方形管道中固体颗粒质量流量,并对其测量准确度进行了对比分析。3种静电传感器在4种输送气流速度和4种固体颗粒质量流量组合成的16种工况下测量了稀相固体颗粒的静电信号,并利用静电信号强度和固体颗粒速度进行了全工况固体颗粒质量流量标定。实验结果表明:方环形静电电极的平均测量偏差最大,侵入式条状静电电极阵列在质量流量较低时的测量偏差最小,非侵入式条状静电电极阵列在质量流量较高时的测量偏差最小。

关键词: 航空发动机, 气固两相流, 质量流量测量, 方形截面管道, 静电传感器阵列

Abstract: The monitoring of solid particles in the aero-engine gas path and exhaust emissions improves the ability of fault identification and early warning of related equipment. Three different types of electrostatic sensors are used in this study to measure the mass flow of solid particles in square gas-solid path and the measurement results are compared and analyzed. The experimental tests were conducted under sixteen dilute phase conditions of four conveying gas velocities and four mass flow of solid particles. The magnitude of electrostatic signals and the velocity of particles are used to evaluate the mass flow of particles under all the test conditions. The comparison results show that the square ring electrostatic electrode array has the highest average measurement standard deviation, the intrusive strip electrostatic electrode array has the smallest one under low mass flow rate conditions. The non-intrusive strip electrostatic sensor provides the best measurement performance (the lowest standard deviation) when the mass flow is high.

Key words: aero-engine, gas-solid two-phase flow, mass flow measurement, square-shaped pipeline, electrostatic sensor array

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