In order to play a good role in increasing the impact of military requirement, change the quality conception of our weapon equipments based on accordance with the designs for production to fit military requirement, increase the level of quality of our common ammunitions, evaluating scientifically the quality of our common ammunitions is very important. The implement of foreign military requirement and the modern quality conception were analyzed. A point of demand-oriented quality evaluation of weapon equipments was presented. The effect of demand-oriented quality evaluation of weapon equipments was discussed. It alsodid research on demand-oriented quality evaluation model of weapon equipments. The quality evaluation model of weapon equipments was set up, which carries out the thought of fitting military requirement. Based on analyzing the character of our common ammunitions and military requirement of our common ammunitions, a system of quality evaluation criteria of common ammunitions was set up scientifically.