北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (05): 552-555.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

开孔泡沫塑料的应力松弛问题

卢子兴, 张慧   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2003-12-03 发布日期:2010-11-22
  • 作者简介:卢子兴(1960-),男,河北枣强人,教授, luzixing@263.net.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(10072007); 中物院联合基金资助项目(NSAF10276004)

Stress relaxation of open-cell foamed plastics

Lu Zixing, Zhang Hui   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Technology, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2003-12-03 Published:2010-11-22

摘要: 开孔泡沫塑料具有良好的能量吸收和缓冲性能, 在工程中得到了广泛的应用, 对其粘弹性行为进行研究具有重要的意义.基于Lederman模型,应用三参数标准线性固体模型考虑基体的粘弹性性能,对开孔泡沫塑料的应力松弛行为进行了研究,并讨论了所加应变载荷、结构参数和泊松比对应力松弛曲线的影响.结果表明:应力松弛曲线对泊松比是不敏感的,并且,应变载荷的增加和相对密度的提高会使应力松弛变得更加明显,但应力响应的初始值和终值的比却不随应变载荷的提高而变化.

Abstract: Open cell foamed plastics have better energy absorption characteristics and better cushioning properties so that they are extensively used in engineering areas. Thus, their visco-elastic behavior has attracted the most people attentions. Based on the Lederman model, the stress relaxation of open-cell foamedplastics was investigated by using the model of standard linear solid to consider the visco-elastic behavior of matrix. The effect of strain loading, structuralparameter and Poisson’s ratio on the stress relaxation curve of open-cell foamed plastics was discussed at the same time. The results show that the stress relaxation curves are not sensitive to Poisson’s ratio and the increase of strain loading or relative density will make the stress relaxation more significant. However, the ratio of initial and final value for stress response does not change with the increase of strain loading. All the above conclusions obtained are very important for overall understanding the mechanical behavior of open cell foamed plastics.

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