北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2010, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (11): 1271-1274.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

大小孔交替排列对气膜冷却效率的影响

刘晓红, 罗翔, 陶智   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空发动机气动热力重点实验室, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2009-10-26 出版日期:2010-11-30 发布日期:2010-12-04
  • 通讯作者: 刘晓红 E-mail:lxiaohong@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘晓红(1982-),女,黑龙江肇东人,博士生,lxiaohong@buaa.edu.cn.

Effects of cylindrical hole accompanied with anti-vortex holes on film cooling effectiveness

Liu Xiaohong, Luo Xiang, Tao Zhi   

  1. National Key Laboratory on Aero-Engines, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2009-10-26 Online:2010-11-30 Published:2010-12-04
  • Contact: Liu Xiaohong E-mail:lxiaohong@buaa.edu.cn

摘要: 采用数值模拟方法研究了大小气膜孔交替排列(均匀排列的圆柱形单孔两侧分别开设一个平行的小孔)情况下的流动和换热,并与常规的圆柱形单孔结构进行对比,分析大小气膜孔交替排列提高冷效的机理,研究大小孔的孔径比对气膜冷却效果的影响规律.结果发现:在圆柱形单孔两侧分别设置一个平行的辅助小孔,大小孔冷气射流的肾形涡相互干涉,导致主气膜孔下游的肾形涡的尺度和强度与圆柱形单孔相比均有明显降低,气膜冷却效果明显改善.相同冷气量下,小孔孔径越大,分配的冷气流量越大,对主孔冷气射流的干涉作用越强,气膜冷却效果改善越明显;当小孔孔径d2=4mm时,气膜冷却结构类似常规的离散圆柱形气膜孔,气膜冷却效果开始下降.

Abstract: The primary focus was to further understand the flow and heat transfer aspects of a special film cooling hole arrangement where the main film cooling hole was accompanied by two parallel anti-vortex jet holes. The cooling effectiveness and the interaction between the main hot stream and the coolant jets were simulated and compared with the standard single hole arrangement. It is found that the presence of anti-vortex jets decreased the size and the strength of the counter-rotating vortex pair of the main coolant jet and so is its mixing with the main hot stream. The surface film effectiveness value is improved as expected. A bigger diameter of anti-vortex holes means more obvious improvement of film cooling.

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