北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 185-188.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

人机显示界面中的文字和位置编码

张磊, 庄达民   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2009-12-18 出版日期:2011-02-28 发布日期:2011-03-05
  • 作者简介:张 磊(1983-), 男, 河北邯郸人, 博士生, zhangleibuaa@126.com.
  • 基金资助:

    国家973计划资助项目(2010CB734104)

Text and position coding of human-machine display interface

Zhang Lei, Zhuang Damin   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2009-12-18 Online:2011-02-28 Published:2011-03-05

摘要: 飞行员在驾驶飞机的过程中需要用到大量的信息,对信息进行合理的编码可以提高驾驶安全性.根据研究的需要,开发一个用于工效实验的作业任务模型.通过测量被试完成作业任务的正确率和反应时间,结合眼动仪测得的眼动数据,分析文字和位置编码对信息辨识的影响,为显示界面适人性设计提供科学依据.实验结果表明:人对文字信息的辨识受到位置编码影响,位置编码方式与视野范围和注意力分配策略相关;中心位置的辨识效率优于边缘位置,左侧位置优于右侧位置;中文信息的辨识效果优于英文信息,实际应用时应考虑母语的影响.

Abstract: In process of operating aircraft, pilots need to use large amounts of information. So reasonable coding of information can improve driving safety. According to research requirements, a task model was developed for the ergonomics experiment. After subjects complete the tasks, their correct rate and reaction time were measured. Combined the measured results with eye movement data, the impact of text and position coding on information identification was analyzed to provide a scientific basis for the ergonomics design of information interface. Experimental results show that subject-s identification of the text information is affected by the position coding. And position coding relates to vision scope and attention allocation strategy.Identification efficiency of the center is better than the periphery, and the left position is better than the right position. Identification efficiency of Chinese information is better than English, the impact of mother tongue should be considered in the practical application.

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