北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (3): 289-294.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

航母运动对舰载飞机着舰安全性的影响

许东松, 刘星宇, 王立新   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2010-01-13 出版日期:2011-03-31 发布日期:2011-04-01
  • 作者简介:许东松(1985-),男,河北保定人,博士生,xudongsong@ase.buaa.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    航空科学基金资助项目(20081751026)

Influence of carrier motion on landing safety for carrier-based airplanes

Xu Dongsong, Liu Xingyu, Wang Lixin   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2010-01-13 Online:2011-03-31 Published:2011-04-01

摘要: 总结了舰载飞机的着舰安全性分类等级,研究了航母的航行运动以及随海浪的摇晃和振荡运动对舰载机着舰安全性的影响规律,并给出了与舰载机进舰速度适配的最优航母航行速度.研究结果表明:由于航母的航行方向与舰载机的进舰方向存在一定的夹角,驾驶员在进舰过程中必须协调操纵副翼和方向舵才能保证舰载机安全准确地着舰;航母航行速度越大,驾驶员操纵量越大,着舰偏差也越大.海况越恶劣,着舰信号指挥官对航母运动的预报和补偿效果越差,着舰失败概率越大.因此,为保证舰载机的着舰安全,必须选择合适的航母航行速度,同时应尽量选择在平稳的海况下进舰着舰.

Abstract: The landing safety grading standard was summarized for carrier-based airplanes. The influence of carrier motion such as navigation, wobble and surge due to wave on landing safety was researched and the best carrier navigation velocity cooperated with carrier-based airplane approach velocity was given. The research results indicate that because of the angle between directions of carrier navigation and airplane approach,the pilot must operate aileron and rudder in phase to keep the airplane safe. Pilot operation and landing error increase as the carrier navigates faster. The prediction precision of landing signal officer about carrier motion decreases and the probability of landing failure increases as the sea condition is more severe. To keep carrier-based airplanes safe, the velocity of carrier navigation should be neither too large nor too small and severe sea condition should be avoided during the landing process for carrier-based airplanes.

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