北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (5): 519-523,527.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞行员视觉信息流强度模拟及适人性分析

张慧姝1, 庄达民1, 马丁2, 孙建2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191;
    2. 北京联合大学 工程艺术系,北京 100023
  • 收稿日期:2010-11-09 出版日期:2011-05-30 发布日期:2011-05-30
  • 作者简介:张慧姝(1971-),女,黑龙江齐齐哈尔人,博士生,shthuishu@buu.edu.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点基础研究发展计划973计划资助项目(2010CB734104)

Simulation and ergonomics analysis of pilot visual information flow intensity

Zhang Huishu1, Zhuang Damin1, Ma Ding2, Sun Jian2   

  1. 1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. Department of Engineering and Art,Beijing Union University, Beijing 100023, China
  • Received:2010-11-09 Online:2011-05-30 Published:2011-05-30

摘要: 为了合理地确定飞行员在执行飞行任务时的视觉信息流强度,开发了飞机座舱显示界面仿真模型,以被试的正确反应率和反应时间来评价作业绩效.通过实验和数据分析得到以下结果:所建立的视觉信息流模型中视觉信息流强度曲线符合正态分布.不同的视觉信息量完成任务差异显著,信息量增加到一定程度时辨识变慢,出现错误的几率升高;在相同视觉信息量情况下,夜晚与白天、动态与静态执行任务辨识和绩效差异显著,白天要比夜晚、静态要比动态辨识效率和绩效更好.

Abstract: In order to determine the reasonable information flow intensity of the flight task, a simulation model of aircraft information display interface was developed, in which the correct response rate and reaction time of subjects were used to evaluate the task performance. According to the experiments and data analysis, the results show that the intensity curve of visual information flow was consistent with the normal distribution in the established visual information flow model. The task performance is greatly influenced by different information flow. When the visual information flow increases to certain intensity, the identification become slow and the possibility of making errors increase. Under the same information flow, there are significant differences of identification and performance between the daytime operation and night operation, as well as between the static operation and dynamic operation. The identification and performance is better in the daytime than at night, and is better at static state than dynamic state.

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