北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1086-1090.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

多因素条件下注意力分配建模

吴旭, 完颜笑如, 庄达民   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2012-09-24 修回日期:2012-11-26 出版日期:2013-08-30 发布日期:2013-09-03
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(61179053); 人因工程重点实验室开放基金资助项目(HF2011-K-02); 高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20121102120013)

Attention allocation modeling under multi-factor condition

Wu Xu, Wanyan Xiaoru, Zhuang Damin   

  1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2012-09-24 Revised:2012-11-26 Online:2013-08-30 Published:2013-09-03

摘要: 为预测飞行员注意力分配情况,在混合熵最大化模型的基础上,从信息加工的两条通路入手,应用主观期望效能理论及SEEV(Salient-Expectancy-Effort-Value)模型思想,提出了一个基于信息重要度、发生概率、突显性及努力的预测模型.为验证模型的效度,采用16名被试在不同任务权重及信息呈现方式下开展仪表监视实验,记录注视点分布作为注意力分配的评价指标.被试需要对平视显示器仿真界面中的目标信息状态进行监视,并通过按指定键对异常信息进行响应.实验结果表明:根据预测模型所计算的注意力分配理论值与被试注视点分布的实验值显著相关且吻合较好,可为飞机座舱显示界面的设计提供依据.

Abstract: To investigate pilot attention allocation, subjective expectancy utility theory and salient-expectancy-effort-value (SEEV) model were applied to establish a forecast model. Based on recent study, the model was consisted of information importance, occurring probability, salient and effort which represented for the both methods of information processing. In order to validate the model, 16 subjects performed an instrument supervision task under different priority and display usage conditions, and fixation distribution was recorded as evaluation index. The subjects were asked to monitor the information targets presented on the head-up display simulation interface and respond to abnormal information by pressing the corresponding button on the keyboard. The experiment results revealed that the model accounted for 83% of the variance in visual attention allocation between conditions. The present study could provide ergonomics evidence with cockpit display interface design.

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