北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (12): 1584-1590.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

飞行员触点操作能力仿真

薛红军, 郑硕, 铁彦清, 刘潇   

  1. 西北工业大学 航空学院, 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-11 出版日期:2013-12-30 发布日期:2013-12-27
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划资助项目(2010CB734101)

Simulation for pointing manipulation performance of pilot

Xue Hongjun, Zheng Shuo, Tie Yanqing, Liu Xiao   

  1. School of Aeronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
  • Received:2013-01-11 Online:2013-12-30 Published:2013-12-27

摘要: 目前利用飞行员静态可达域和可视域对驾驶舱人机界面进行设计和布置无法保证飞行员在过载和振动状态下的操作特性满足飞行安全操作的需求.针对飞行员触点操作,基于LifeMOD人体肌肉-骨骼模型,利用正常状态下触点操作动作的捕捉数据对飞行员模型的肌肉进行训练,建立正向飞行员操作模型;在正向飞行员操作模型的基础上,建立了含有肌肉力单元的飞行员人体动力学仿真模型,能够进行逆向动力学仿真和分析.对模型加入±Z和+X方向的加速度以及ZY方向的振动等外部运动激励,模拟不同加速度和振动对飞行员触点操作的影响.研究结果表明:中央控制台的触点操作受加速度和振动影响最小,应急操纵设备应布置在该区域,可保证飞行员在应急条件下及时、准确地操纵飞机,提高飞机的飞行安全性.非常规情况下飞行员触点操作能力仿真能够指导驾驶舱人机界面的优化布置,提高应急情况下飞机操纵安全性.

Abstract: The design and layout of human-machine interface through static reach and visual zone in the cockpit cannot ensure the pilot-s safe operation capability in the face of overload and vibration. In order for the optimization of layout of human-machine interface, muscle-skeleton model of LifeMOD platform was built. Pilot motion capture data under normal condition was used to train muscle of pilot model and build pilot operation model. Pilot Kometic simulation model with muscle units was built based on pilot operation model so that anti-kinetics simulation and analysis can be done. By adding ±Z and +X direction acceleration and Z and Y direction vibration to the pilot-seat model and the affect of the target-pointing operation due to multi-acceleration and vibration in cockpit was obtained. The results suggest that emergency operation equipment can be positioned in central control panel in which the acceleration and vibration has least impact to ensure that pilot can operate timely and accurately in emergency and eventually to promote flight safety. Simulation for pointing manipulation performance of pilot in unusual circumstances can guide the optimization layout of cockpit human-machine interface and improve plane emergency operation safety.

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