北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 502-508.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2014.0227

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

信息提供下的公交管制策略

刘大龙, 田琼   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 经济管理学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2014-04-25 出版日期:2015-03-20 发布日期:2015-04-02
  • 通讯作者: 田琼(1981—),男,河北廊坊人,副教授,tianqiong@buaa.edu.cn,主要研究方向为城市运输经济学、运输管理等研究. E-mail:tianqiong@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘大龙(1988—),男,江苏盐城人,硕士生,ldlfriend@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助项目(71071011,71271017); 国家973重大基础研究计划项目(2012CB725401); 中央基本科研业务费资助项目(YMF-2014-JGXY-002)

Regulation strategies on the public transit system with information provision

LIU Dalong, TIAN Qiong   

  1. School of Economics and Management, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2014-04-25 Online:2015-03-20 Published:2015-04-02

摘要: 研究在提供公共交通服务信息情况下不同的管制策略对公交企业在设定价格、发车时间间隔的影响.公交管制策略主要包括完全无管制(垄断)策略、完全管制(社会最优)策略、收益率管制策略和数量控制策略.模型假设到站台的乘客流是随机分布的,乘客根据公交公司的服务频率和信息质量来决定是否事先计划行程以最小化自己的期望出行成本.研究表明,不同管制下的信息质量与乘车人数、信息质量与发车时间间隔有类似的对应关系,社会最优时提供信息质量好于垄断最优,且乘车人数是垄断最优的2倍,其他外生变量对4种管制下的决策也具有显著影响.

关键词: 公共交通管理, 信息提供, 管制策略, 收益率管制, 数量管制

Abstract: The effects of various regulation strategies on the transit fare and frequency in public transit system with information provisionwas studied. Besides two extreme strategies, namely monopoly optimum and social optimum, the rate-of-return strategy and quantity control strategy were also investigated as two more realistic regulation policies. The model assumes that the arriving passengers follow passion process and the percentages of passengers who plan their trips are endogenous and depend on the frequency of service and on the quality of information provided. There is a certain relationship between monopoly optimal and social optimal under the above model. In addition, the problem of profit maximization by public transport company under transit regulations was also analyzed. The results of the study found that the information provided undersocial optimum is better than monopoly optimal, and the number of passengers under social optimumis two times than monopoly optimal, other exogenous variables also have a significant effect of the four kinds of regulation strategies.

Key words: public transport management, information provision, regulation strategy, rate-of-return regulation, quantity control regulation

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发