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电动伺服舵系统动力学建模及颤振分析

张仁嘉1,吴志刚2,杨超3   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院
    2. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院
    3. 北航5系
  • 收稿日期:2015-07-03 修回日期:2015-09-08 发布日期:2015-09-17
  • 通讯作者: 吴志刚
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金

Dynamic Modeling and Flutter Analysis of a Fin-actuator System

  • Received:2015-07-03 Revised:2015-09-08 Published:2015-09-17

摘要: 舵机动力学对舵系统颤振有最直接影响,其动力学模型的准确建立是颤振分析的关键。以某电动伺服舵系统为对象,分别建立了电机、减速器及控制回路模型。基于其地面振动试验数据特征,考虑了减速器中零部件间隙及滚珠丝杠间接触刚度两类非线性因素。动力学仿真结果复现了试验现象,证明了接触刚度和间隙对该伺服舵系统动力学特征的主导作用。在颤振分析中,对比了接触刚度和常数刚度两种假设下,舵机在不同阶跃角指令下的舵偏角响应。发现常数刚度下舵系统仅存在极限环和失稳两个域,临界速度不会随间隙大小而变化;而接触刚度下存在稳定、极限环和失稳三个域,且相同风速下,其临界指令角较常数刚度假设更高,但其最大临界速度却会随间隙增大而减小,甚至小于常数刚度假设,应引起足够重视。

关键词: 气动弹性, 颤振, 非线性, 接触刚度, 间隙, 舵机

Abstract: Dynamics of an actuator have a direct impact on the flutter characteristics of a fin structure. So it is key important to built the dynamic model of the fin-actuator system precisely before a flutter analysis. A typical fin-actuator system is investigated by constructing its motor model, reducer model and controller model, respectively. Based on the test data, two nonlinear factors are considered including the contact stiffness between the screw and the balls, as well as the freeplay. Simulation results reproduce what were seen in the test. It is found that the contact stiffness and the freeplay dominate the dynamic characteristics of the fin-actuator system. In the flutter analysis, responses under contact stiffness and constant stiffness are compared. The results show that a LCO domain and an unstable domain exist under the constant stiffness. Its critical velocities don’t vary with the freeplays. However, besides the LCO and unstable domains, a stable domain appears under the contact stiffness. At a specific flow velocity, its critical command angle is higher than the one under constant stiffness. But its critical velocity decreases as the freeplay increases, even reaches a lower level than the critical velocity under constant stiffness. Enough attentions should be paid on this issue.

Key words: aeroelasticity, flutter, nonlinear, contact stiffness, freeplay, actuator

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