北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 1608-1614.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2014.0672

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于准则的大展弦比飞翼气动设计

甘文彪1, 周洲2, 许晓平2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 无人驾驶飞行器设计研究所, 北京 100191;
    2. 西北工业大学 航空学院, 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-30 出版日期:2015-09-20 发布日期:2015-09-29
  • 通讯作者: 甘文彪(1985—),男,湖南邵阳人,讲师,ganhope@buaa.edu.cn,主要研究方向为飞行器总体气动设计与计算流体力学. E-mail:ganhope@buaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(YWF-15-GJSYS-031); 国家自然科学基金(11302178)

Aerodynamic design of high-aspect-ratio flying wing based on criteria

GAN Wenbiao1, ZHOU Zhou2, XU Xiaoping2   

  1. 1. Research Institute of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China;
    2. College of Aeronautic, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China
  • Received:2014-10-30 Online:2015-09-20 Published:2015-09-29

摘要: 从设计实际出发,为切实提高气动性能,开展了大展弦比飞翼无人机(UAV)的气动设计及分析研究.在设计分析过程中,依据飞翼无人机的特征,提出了气动设计准则;基于设计准则,采用更新设计的策略,结合变可信度数值模拟、代理模型优化方法构建了优化设计框架;针对飞翼无人机开展了参数化表达、无限插值网格自动生成以及多轮更新优化,得到了优化推荐构型;应用γ-Reθt转捩模型方法对优化构型的气动性能进行了细致地验证分析.研究结果表明:通过气动设计,飞翼无人机设计构型很好地契合了设计准则,其巡航升阻比相比最初的原始构型提高了14%,γ-Reθt转捩模型能较细致地分析大展弦比飞翼的流动特征.

关键词: 飞翼, 设计准则, 优化设计, 转捩模型, 验证分析

Abstract: To improve aerodynamic performance of flying wing from design reality, aerodynamic design and analysis of high-aspect-ratio flying wing unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) were conducted. In design and analysis process, according to features of flying wing, aerodynamic design criteria have been proposed. Based on design criteria, a design optimization framework, using updated design strategies, was built which combined variable fidelity numerical simulation and surrogated model optimization method. Flying wing UAV was carried out with parametric expression, automatic mesh generation of transfinite interpolation (TFI), and multi-round optimization. And then recommended configuration was obtained and validated for detailed aerodynamic performance by γ-Reθt transition model method. The results show that design configuration of flying wing UAV agrees well with design criteria, cruise lift-to-drag ratio of UAV increases 14% compared to the original configuration, γ-Reθt transition model method can analyze the detailed aerodynamic characteristics of high-aspect-ratio flying wing UAV.

Key words: flying wing, design criteria, optimal design, transition model, validated analysis

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