北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 47-53.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2015.0064

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

涡轮轴断裂条件下空气系统强瞬变过程分析

刘传凯1,2,3, 李圆圆1, 李艳茹1, 姜宏超4, 丁水汀3,4   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学交通科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学航空发动机气动热力国家级重点实验室, 北京 100083;
    3. 先进航空发动机协同创新中心, 北京 100083;
    4. 北京航空航天大学能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-30 出版日期:2016-01-20 发布日期:2016-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 刘传凯,Tel.:010-82316627E-mail:liuchuankai@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:liuchuankai@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:刘传凯男,博士,讲师,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:航空发动机总体技术,航空发动机热端部件冷却技术。Tel.:010-82316627E-mail:liuchuankai@buaa.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国防基础科研项目(B2120132006)

Dynamic analysis of air system with fast transients in shaft failure event

LIU Chuankai1,2,3, LI Yuanyuan1, LI Yanru1, JIANG Hongchao4, DING Shuiting3,4   

  1. 1. School of Transportation Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. National Key Laboratory of Science and Technology on Aero-Engine Aero-thermodynamics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    3. Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Aero-Engine, Beijing 100083, China;
    4. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-01-30 Online:2016-01-20 Published:2016-01-28
  • Supported by:
    Defense Industrial Technology Development Program (B2120132006)

摘要: 建立了针对空气系统强瞬变过程的控制方程及模块化仿真模型,该模型包括构成瞬态空气系统网络的4类基本元件:容腔元件、节点元件、管道元件和节流元件。上述基本元件及其组合单元的仿真结果与公开的文献数据能够较好的吻合,证明该模型能够模拟容积效应、惯性力作用占主导的强瞬变空气系统演化。在此基础上,仿真分析了某型航空发动机高压涡轮(HPT)轴断裂失效条件下的空气系统强瞬变过程。结果表明,涡轮轴的断裂失效能够引起空气系统内部复杂响应过程,并能导致涡轮盘所受的轴向力反向。该瞬态空气系统模型成功模拟了气流参数毫秒时间量级的动态响应,为深入研究航空发动机内部复杂空气系统的瞬变机理提供了有效的技术手段。

关键词: 航空发动机, 内流空气系统, 瞬态, 模块化建模, 动态仿真

Abstract: This study established the governing equations and the corresponding modularized simulation model for air system in rapid transients. The modularized model consists of four kinds of basic components that constitute the transient air system network: pressure vessels, nodes, ducts, and throttles. The validation of the modular components and their assemblies against published data has been demonstrated to be successful. The model is proved to be able to handle volume packing effects and flow inertia effects that account for the main contributions to fast transient scenarios. On this basis, the model is utilized to analyze the flow evolution of air system in aero engine high pressure turbine (HPT) shaft failure event. The results show that the shaft failure can lead to complex dynamic response in the air system and the subsequent reversal of the turbine disk endload. The model established in this study successfully predicts the air system transient response within millisecond time scales, which provides an effective approach to gain insight into the complex transient mechanism of aero engine air system.

Key words: aero engine, internal air system, transient, modular modeling, dynamic simulation

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发