北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (10): 2265-2270.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2015.0620

• 论文 • 上一篇    

PN码相位精确测量的累加最小二乘法

张波1,2, 郭英1,3, 齐子森1, 张东伟1, 张坤峰1   

  1. 1. 空军工程大学 信息与导航学院, 西安 710077;
    2. 空军航空大学 信息对抗系, 长春 130022;
    3. 通信网信息传输与分发技术重点实验室, 石家庄 050081
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-22 出版日期:2016-10-20 发布日期:2016-02-18
  • 通讯作者: 郭英,Tel.:029-84791773,E-mail:guoying_dsp@sina.com E-mail:guoying_dsp@sina.com
  • 作者简介:张波,男,博士研究生,助教。主要研究方向:软件无线电、同步技术。Tel.:0431-86958347,E-mail:bo_zhang0106@126.com;郭英,女,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:通信信号处理、语音信号处理。Tel.:029-84791773,E-mail:guoying_dsp@sina.com
  • 基金资助:
    航空科学基金(20112096016);通信网信息传输与分发技术重点实验室开放课题(ITD-U12003/K1260009)

Precise measurement of PN code phase by accumulative least square method

ZHANG Bo1,2, GUO Ying1,3, QI Zisen1, ZHANG Dongwei1, ZHANG Kunfeng1   

  1. 1. Information and Navigation College, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710077, China;
    2. Information Countermeasure Department, Aviation University of Air Force, Changchun 130022, China;
    3. Science and Technology on Information Transmission and Dissemination in Communication Networks Laboratory, Shijiazhuang 050081, China
  • Received:2015-09-22 Online:2016-10-20 Published:2016-02-18
  • Supported by:
    Aeronautical Science Foundation of China (20112096016); Foundation of the Science and Technology on Information Transmission and Dissemination in Communication Networks Laboratory (ITD-U12003/K1260009)

摘要: 利用最小二乘(LS)法可以实现PN码相位的精确测量,但该方法对粗同步要求高,难以满足实际工程需求。给出了一种新的累加LS法的实现结构,在该结构下根据鉴相曲线的波形变化特征,利用累加后的离散鉴相曲线的最大值和最小值点作为特征基准点,取最值之间的数据进行LS线性拟合,实现粗同步于半个码元宽度以内的伪码相位精确测量。理论分析表明,该方法的鉴相特性呈线性特征,可以有效使用累加LS线性拟合方法。仿真结果表明,该方法相比于其他方法使用范围更广,测量精度更高。

关键词: 直序扩频(DSSS)信号, PN码, 精确测量, 最小二乘(LS)法, 鉴相曲线

Abstract: As least square (LS) method, which is applied to precise measurement of PN sequence phase in high-accuracy, is limited in narrow range condition of coarse synchronization, it is difficult to satisfy the needs of practical project. A novel realized structure of accumulative LS method for PN sequence phase measurement is presented. According to the characteristic of phase discrimination curve, the accumulative maximal value and minimal value of the phase discrimination curve are viewed as the characteristic reference position, and the samples between the maximal value and the minimal value are fitted by LS method. A high-accuracy measurement of the PN sequence phase can be achieved in half-width of the chips under the condition of coarse synchronization. It is proved that the characteristic of phase discrimination is linear in theory, and can use accumulative LS method suitably. The simulation results indicate that the proposed method has wider range of coarse synchronization and higher measurement precision.

Key words: direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) signal, PN code, precise measurement, least square (LS) method, phase discrimination curve

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