北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 782-789.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0287

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于ANP的直升机单机森林灭火训练效能评估

陈杰1, 刘虎1, 孙雪1, 王宁2, 戴鑫1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 中法工程师学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-12 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2016-06-29
  • 通讯作者: 刘虎,E-mail:aerodesigner@163.com E-mail:aerodesigner@163.com
  • 作者简介:陈杰 男,硕士研究生。主要研究方向:民用飞机运营支持、仿真训练及其效能评估。;刘虎 男,博士,副教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:民用飞机运营支持、体系对抗及复杂系统仿真。

Effectiveness evaluation for single helicopter forest firefighting training based on ANP

CHEN Jie1, LIU Hu1, SUN Xue1, WANG Ning2, DAI Xin1   

  1. 1. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Sino-French Engineer School, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-04-12 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2016-06-29

摘要: 现有的直升机单机森林灭火训练效能评估方法仅针对取水灭火过程,忽视了其他任务环节对训练效能的贡献,并假设指标间相互独立,因此导致评估指标体系不全面、指标权重分配不合理,评估结果的可靠性低。利用离散事件系统建模理论建立的事件活动流将直升机单机森林灭火训练任务分解成若干相关活动,活动映射法对各活动效能要素进行分析并转化为效能评估指标,最终构建出全面的两维度效能评估指标体系;网络分析法(ANP)的使用考虑了评估指标间具有的依赖和相关关系,对指标权重进行重新合理分配,评估方法更符合问题的实际情况,评估结果更加可信。基于超级决策(SD)软件的案例分析表明,所提出的效能评估方法具有工程应用的可行性和参考价值。

关键词: 直升机森林灭火训练, 效能评估, 事件活动流, 活动映射, 网络分析法(ANP)

Abstract: Existing effectiveness evaluation methods for single helicopter forest firefighting training only aim at process of firefighting and getting water, ignore contributions of other processes during task to the training effectiveness, and assume mutual independence of indexes, which leads to incomplete evaluation index system, unreasonable distribution of indexes' weights and low reliability of evaluating results. The event-activity flow established by using theory of discrete event system modeling divides the task of single helicopter forest firefighting training into several related activities; the method mapping from activities analyzes elements of activities' effectiveness, transforms them into effectiveness evaluation indexes, and finally establishes all-sided two-dimensional effectiveness evaluation index system; with the dependency and relationship between evaluation indexes considered, the use of analytic network process (ANP) reallocates the weights of indexes reasonably, making evaluation method more suitable for actual situation of the problem and results of evaluation more reliable. The analysis of a case based on Super Decisions (SD) indicates that the proposed effectiveness evaluation method possesses feasibility and reference value in engineering applications.

Key words: helicopter forest firefighting training, effectiveness evaluation, event-activity flow, mapping from activities, analytic network process (ANP)

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