北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (12): 2698-2708.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0153

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

航行器低速斜入水运动规律

李永利1,2, 冯金富1, 齐铎1, 杨健1, 胡俊华1, 徐保伟3   

  1. 1. 空军工程大学 航空航天工程学院, 西安 710038;
    2. 武警工程大学 装备工程学院, 西安 710086;
    3. 空军航空大学 飞行教官训练基地, 蚌埠 233000
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-02 出版日期:2016-12-20 发布日期:2016-06-30
  • 通讯作者: 冯金富,Tel.:029-84787514-601,E-mail:wcsfjf@163.com E-mail:wcsfjf@163.com
  • 作者简介:李永利,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:新概念武器设计与仿真。Tel.:029-84787514-602,E-mail:672719405@qq.com;冯金富,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:新概念武器设计与仿真。Tel.:029-84787514-601,E-mail:wcsfjf@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51541905,61502534)

Movement rule of a vehicle obliquely water-entry at low speed

LI Yongli1,2, FENG Jinfu1, QI Duo1, YANG Jian1, HU Junhua1, XU Baowei3   

  1. 1. School of Aeronautics and Astronautics Engineering, Air Force Engineering University, Xi'an 710038, China;
    2. College of Equipment Engineering, Engineering University of CAPF, Xi'an 710086, China;
    3. Flying Instructor Training Base, Air Force Aviation University, Bengbu 233000, China
  • Received:2016-03-02 Online:2016-12-20 Published:2016-06-30
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (51541905, 61502534)

摘要: 针对介质跨越航行器控制困难的问题,提出一种空中控制水下非控的单一控制策略;为了分析航行器非控状态下斜入水运动的规律,构建了航行器低速入水动力学模型,并分别使用数值仿真方法和理论模型求解方法进行同一条件下的航行体入水运动仿真,通过对2种方法的仿真结果对比验证本文所构建航行体斜入水动力学模型的正确性。利用构建的入水动力学模型,分别对不同初始速度、角度、攻角条件下的入水过程进行了运动状态仿真并分析,得出了航行体在入水运动过程中的姿态位置变化规律。此入水规律将指导介质跨越航行器后续的水下航行、进而出水的一系列研究。

关键词: 入水运动, 动力学模型, 理论模型求解, 弹道, 姿态

Abstract: This paper proposes a single control strategy to solve the problem of difficult transmedia vehicle control. The proposed control strategy is just to control the vehicle's air navigation, but not to control the underwater navigation. The hydrodynamic model of a vehicle obliquely water-entry at low speed is founded to analyze the motion characteristics. Two methods are used to simulate the vehicle's water-entry in the same condition:numerical simulation method and theoretical model calculation method. And the results of the two methods can validate the hydrodynamic model founded in this paper. The water-entry movement in the conditions of different initial velocities, different angles, and different attack angles is simulated by this hydrodynamic model and the simulation is analyzed. And the change rule of the vehicle's gestures and position when water-entry is obtained by analysis. This water-entry rule will guide a series of follow-up researches, such as underwater navigation and water-exit process.

Key words: water-entry movement, dynamic model, theoretical model calculation, ballistic trajectory, gesture

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