北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1348-1354.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

高空风对大型客机航线性能的量化影响

黄成涛1, 王立新2, 钟伯文1   

  1. 1. 中国商用飞机有限责任公司 北京民用飞机技术研究中心, 北京 102211;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-22 修回日期:2016-08-25 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2016-10-10
  • 通讯作者: 黄成涛,E-mail:hct113a@aliyun.com E-mail:hct113a@aliyun.com
  • 作者简介:黄成涛 男,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:飞行力学。
  • 基金资助:
    国家“863”计划(2014AA110501)

Quantified effects of high-altitude wind on route performance of large passenger plane

HUANG Chengtao1, WANG Lixin2, ZHONG Bowen1   

  1. 1. Beijing Aeronautical Science & Technology Research Institute of COMAC, Beijing 102211, China;
    2. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-06-22 Revised:2016-08-25 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2016-10-10
  • Supported by:
    National High-tech Research and Development Program of China (2014AA110501)

摘要: 高空风会影响大型客机航线飞行的油耗和飞行时间。本文提出了一种计算高空风对航线性能量化影响的方法,并分析了高空风对航线性能的量化影响。建立了有风条件下飞机的飞行仿真模型,提出了针对飞机航线飞行的驾驶员建模方法,基于“驾驶员-飞机”闭环数字虚拟飞行仿真方法,提出了一种计算高空风条件下飞机航线性能的方法。对算例飞机在典型航线下的油耗、飞行距离、飞行时间进行了计算与分析。结果表明:在飞行距离相同时,顺风可以减少飞机的航线飞行时间并降低油耗,逆风会增加飞机的航线飞行时间并增加油耗;由于高空风的影响,部分航线往返飞行时,油耗和飞行时间相差较大;对于部分远程航线,由于高空风的影响,为满足最大起飞重量限制,飞机需要减小商载以装载更多燃油,确保能够飞抵目的机场。

关键词: 飞机, 飞行动力学, 飞行性能, 航线性能, 飞行仿真, 高空风

Abstract: High-altitude wind affects the fuel consumption and flight time of large passenger plane route flight. This paper is aimed at proposing a method to calculate the route performance of aircraft in high-altitude wind, and analyzing the effects of high-altitude wind on route performance of large passenger plane. A flight simulation model of aircraft in the wind was established. A pilot modeling method for aircraft route flight was proposed. Based on the “pilot-aircraft” closed-loop digital virtual flight simulation, a method to calculate the route performance of aircraft in high-altitude wind was proposed. The fuel consumption, flight time and flight distance of the example aircraft under the typical route were calculated and analyzed. The study shows that, in the same flight distance, the fuel consumption and flight time of the plane are reduced by the tailwind and increased by the headwind. Due to the effects of high-altitude wind, the fuel consumption and flight time can be big difference in some round-trip route. In some long-distance route, due to the effects of high-altitude wind, in order to meet the maximum takeoff weight limit, the payload should be reduced to load more fuel, so as to reach the terminal airport.

Key words: aircraft, flight dynamics, flight performance, route performance, flight simulation, high-altitude wind

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