北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (9): 1917-1923.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0701

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

POCET最优相位搜索的数值算法

张美君, 寇艳红   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 电子信息工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-02 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 寇艳红,E-mail:kouy@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:kouy@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张美君,女,硕士研究生;主要研究方向:多路复用技术及预失真方法;寇艳红,女,博士,副教授;主要研究方向:卫星导航、无线通信和数字信号处理技术
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61271197)

Numerical algorithm for POCET optimal phase search

ZHANG Meijun, KOU Yanhong   

  1. School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2016-09-02 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-02-21
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (61271197)

摘要: 现代化的卫星导航信号要求在星上高功率放大器之前恒包络复用同频点甚至临近的双频点/三频点的多个导航信号分量。最优相位恒包络发射(POCET)技术能够恒包络复用任意路数信号且达到最高复用效率。已见诸报道的POCET最优相位搜索的数值算法存在计算量大、收敛速度慢、当迭代点远离最优解或要求提高计算精度时难以收敛到局部最优解等问题。针对导航信号最优恒包络复用论证的需求,首先在优化目标函数中引入增广拉格朗日乘子法以解决当终止误差减小无法收敛到局部最优解的问题;其次对于搜索步长的确定摈弃了已有的精确线搜索算法而采用基于Armijo准则的非精确线搜索算法,并比较研究了最速下降法、共轭梯度法、拟牛顿法(包括BFGS法和对称秩1法)等多种搜索方向优化算法的优缺点和适用性;最后通过对BDS B1频点不同功率分配下的最优相位搜索和合成损耗评估,验证了改进后算法的精度高、计算量小、收敛性强等优点,为导航信号调制复用方案的设计和优化提供参考。

关键词: POCET技术, 优化算法, 多路复用, 合成损耗, 数值算法

Abstract: Usually a modern navigation satellite needs to combine multiple signal components at the same carrier frequency or even two/three adjacent frequencies into a constant-envelope signal before its high power amplifier. The phase-optimized constant-envelope transmission (POCET) technique can deal with any number of signal components and achieve the highest power efficiency. The existing numerical algorithms for POCET phase searching, however, have some problems such as large amount of computation, slow convergence rate, and possible failure of convergence when the initial point is far from the optimal solution or when higher accuracy is required. Aimed at the argumentation of optimized multiplexing for satellite navigation signals, this paper firstly introduces the augmented Lagrange multiplier method to ensure convergence with smaller termination error. Next, the inexact line search algorithm based on Armijo criterion is adopted instead of the exact line search for determination of search steps. Then, the characteristics and applicability of several search direction optimization algorithms are comparatively analyzed, such as the steepest descent method, the conjugate gradient method, and the quasi-Newton method (including the BFGS method and the symmetric rank 1 method). Finally, the high accuracy, low computational complexity, and strong convergence of the improved algorithm are validated by its application in the search of optimal phase-table and evaluation of combining loss of BDS B1 signals under different power allocation and phase constraints. The study provides a reference for the design and optimization of the navigation signal modulation.

Key words: POCET technique, optimization algorithm, multiplexing, combining loss, numerical algorithm

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