北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (10): 2030-2039.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0768

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

航天器受迫绕飞构型设计与控制

张冉1, 殷建丰2, 韩潮1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 宇航学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100194
  • 收稿日期:2016-09-29 修回日期:2016-12-16 出版日期:2017-10-20 发布日期:2017-02-21
  • 通讯作者: 韩潮 E-mail:hanchao@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:张冉,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:航天器编队飞行动力学与控制;韩潮,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:航天器动力学与控制、航天器导航、制导与控制、航天系统动力学仿真等。

Spacecraft forced fly-around formation design and control

ZHANG Ran1, YIN Jianfeng2, HAN Chao1   

  1. 1. School of Astronautics, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100194, China
  • Received:2016-09-29 Revised:2016-12-16 Online:2017-10-20 Published:2017-02-21

摘要: 针对航天器在轨服务任务对绕飞技术的要求,研究了航天器受迫绕飞构型设计和控制问题。基于C-W (Clohessy-Wiltshire)方程的解析解,提出了双水滴拼接绕飞构型,并将单脉冲或双脉冲受迫绕飞延展至多脉冲绕飞构型设计;推导了伴随航天器初始状态变量与绕飞构型形状参数的关系,得到了4种构型的解析表达式和脉冲控制策略。通过数值仿真算例验证了设计的4种绕飞构型能够实现伴随航天器的慢速绕飞和快速绕飞,比较了不同绕飞构型的燃料消耗和绕飞距离误差。数值结果表明,双水滴拼接绕飞构型总脉冲最小。研究成果完善了航天器受迫绕飞构型设计与控制的相关理论,为工程应用提供参考。

关键词: 在轨服务, 受迫绕飞, C-W方程, 脉冲控制, 构型设计

Abstract: In order to meet the requirements of spacecraft fly-around technology in on-orbit service mission, spacecraft forced fly-around formation design and control scheme was investigated. Based on the analytic solution of the C-W(Clohessy-Wiltshire) equations, bi-teardrop formation was proposed. Then multi-impulse fly-around formations were developed after single- or double-impulse formations. The formula between the initial states of following spacecraft and the shape of fly-around formation was derived, and the analytic expressions of four fly-around formations and the impulse control scheme were proposed. Simulation results verify that four designed formations could be used in spacecraft slow fly-around and fast fly-around scenarios. The total fuel consumptions and distance errors of different formations were compared. Numerical results show that bi-teardrop formation has the smallest total impulse. The theory of spacecraft forced fly-around formation design and control is improved, and the results provide reference for engineering application.

Key words: on-orbit service, forced fly-around, C-W equations, impulse control, formation design

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